The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?
In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?
Are all the possible combinations of two shapes included in this set of 27 cards? How do you know?
Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?
How many triangles can you make on the 3 by 3 pegboard?
Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.
How can you put five cereal packets together to make different shapes if you must put them face-to-face?
Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?
An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.
Kate has eight multilink cubes. She has two red ones, two yellow, two green and two blue. She wants to fit them together to make a cube so that each colour shows on each face just once.
Arrange 9 red cubes, 9 blue cubes and 9 yellow cubes into a large 3 by 3 cube. No row or column of cubes must contain two cubes of the same colour.
How many models can you find which obey these rules?
Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?
Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?
These practical challenges are all about making a 'tray' and covering it with paper.
This practical problem challenges you to create shapes and patterns with two different types of triangle. You could even try overlapping them.
How many different cuboids can you make when you use four CDs or DVDs? How about using five, then six?
This was a problem for our birthday website. Can you use four of these pieces to form a square? How about making a square with all five pieces?
What do these two triangles have in common? How are they related?
What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?
Can you make the most extraordinary, the most amazing, the most unusual patterns/designs from these triangles which are made in a special way?
This practical investigation invites you to make tessellating shapes in a similar way to the artist Escher.
What is the largest number of circles we can fit into the frame without them overlapping? How do you know? What will happen if you try the other shapes?
Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?
Arrange your fences to make the largest rectangular space you can. Try with four fences, then five, then six etc.
Can you order pictures of the development of a frog from frogspawn and of a bean seed growing into a plant?
Can you create more models that follow these rules?
How do you know if your set of dominoes is complete?
What happens to the area of a square if you double the length of the sides? Try the same thing with rectangles, diamonds and other shapes. How do the four smaller ones fit into the larger one?
A group of children are discussing the height of a tall tree. How would you go about finding out its height?
If these balls are put on a line with each ball touching the one in front and the one behind, which arrangement makes the shortest line of balls?
What shape is made when you fold using this crease pattern? Can you make a ring design?
Can you work out what shape is made by folding in this way? Why not create some patterns using this shape but in different sizes?
Can you make the birds from the egg tangram?
These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?
Make new patterns from simple turning instructions. You can have a go using pencil and paper or with a floor robot.
In this challenge, you will work in a group to investigate circular fences enclosing trees that are planted in square or triangular arrangements.
Can you each work out what shape you have part of on your card? What will the rest of it look like?
Make a flower design using the same shape made out of different sizes of paper.
What is the greatest number of counters you can place on the grid below without four of them lying at the corners of a square?
Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?
Here is a version of the game 'Happy Families' for you to make and play.
Here are some ideas to try in the classroom for using counters to investigate number patterns.
How can you arrange the 5 cubes so that you need the smallest number of Brush Loads of paint to cover them? Try with other numbers of cubes as well.
We went to the cinema and decided to buy some bags of popcorn so we asked about the prices. Investigate how much popcorn each bag holds so find out which we might have bought.
This activity investigates how you might make squares and pentominoes from Polydron.
Kaia is sure that her father has worn a particular tie twice a week in at least five of the last ten weeks, but her father disagrees. Who do you think is right?
Can you cut up a square in the way shown and make the pieces into a triangle?
How can you make a curve from straight strips of paper?
The challenge for you is to make a string of six (or more!) graded cubes.