In this challenge, you will work in a group to investigate circular fences enclosing trees that are planted in square or triangular arrangements.

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

A group of children are discussing the height of a tall tree. How would you go about finding out its height?

Can you order pictures of the development of a frog from frogspawn and of a bean seed growing into a plant?

If you have ten counters numbered 1 to 10, how many can you put into pairs that add to 10? Which ones do you have to leave out? Why?

What do these two triangles have in common? How are they related?

Use the three triangles to fill these outline shapes. Perhaps you can create some of your own shapes for a friend to fill?

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

Are all the possible combinations of two shapes included in this set of 27 cards? How do you know?

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

Can you make the birds from the egg tangram?

Is there a best way to stack cans? What do different supermarkets do? How high can you safely stack the cans?

Can you make the most extraordinary, the most amazing, the most unusual patterns/designs from these triangles which are made in a special way?

This problem focuses on Dienes' Logiblocs. What is the same and what is different about these pairs of shapes? Can you describe the shapes in the picture?

Kimie and Sebastian were making sticks from interlocking cubes and lining them up. Can they make their lines the same length? Can they make any other lines?

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

This practical problem challenges you to create shapes and patterns with two different types of triangle. You could even try overlapping them.

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Ahmed is making rods using different numbers of cubes. Which rod is twice the length of his first rod?

How many different cuboids can you make when you use four CDs or DVDs? How about using five, then six?

In this article for teachers, Bernard uses some problems to suggest that once a numerical pattern has been spotted from a practical starting point, going back to the practical can help explain. . . .

What is the greatest number of counters you can place on the grid below without four of them lying at the corners of a square?

How can you put five cereal packets together to make different shapes if you must put them face-to-face?

The Man is much smaller than us. Can you use the picture of him next to a mug to estimate his height and how much tea he drinks?

Can you deduce the pattern that has been used to lay out these bottle tops?

Can you lay out the pictures of the drinks in the way described by the clue cards?

These practical challenges are all about making a 'tray' and covering it with paper.

If these balls are put on a line with each ball touching the one in front and the one behind, which arrangement makes the shortest line of balls?

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

What is the largest number of circles we can fit into the frame without them overlapping? How do you know? What will happen if you try the other shapes?

Make new patterns from simple turning instructions. You can have a go using pencil and paper or with a floor robot.

This project challenges you to work out the number of cubes hidden under a cloth. What questions would you like to ask?

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

Can you each work out what shape you have part of on your card? What will the rest of it look like?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

In this town, houses are built with one room for each person. There are some families of seven people living in the town. In how many different ways can they build their houses?

The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?

You have a set of the digits from 0 – 9. Can you arrange these in the five boxes to make two-digit numbers as close to the targets as possible?

These pictures show squares split into halves. Can you find other ways?

Make a chair and table out of interlocking cubes, making sure that the chair fits under the table!

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Surprise your friends with this magic square trick.

In this article for primary teachers, Fran describes her passion for paper folding as a springboard for mathematics.

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

How can you arrange the 5 cubes so that you need the smallest number of Brush Loads of paint to cover them? Try with other numbers of cubes as well.

Arrange your fences to make the largest rectangular space you can. Try with four fences, then five, then six etc.