This practical investigation invites you to make tessellating shapes in a similar way to the artist Escher.
This practical problem challenges you to create shapes and patterns with two different types of triangle. You could even try overlapping them.
Can you make these equilateral triangles fit together to cover the paper without any gaps between them? Can you tessellate isosceles triangles?
Arrange your fences to make the largest rectangular space you can. Try with four fences, then five, then six etc.
In this challenge, you will work in a group to investigate circular fences enclosing trees that are planted in square or triangular arrangements.
Can you find out how the 6-triangle shape is transformed in these tessellations? Will the tessellations go on for ever? Why or why not?
Can you create more models that follow these rules?
Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.
Can you make the most extraordinary, the most amazing, the most unusual patterns/designs from these triangles which are made in a special way?
How many triangles can you make on the 3 by 3 pegboard?
Bernard Bagnall describes how to get more out of some favourite NRICH investigations.
Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?
What do these two triangles have in common? How are they related?
We need to wrap up this cube-shaped present, remembering that we can have no overlaps. What shapes can you find to use?
What is the largest number of circles we can fit into the frame without them overlapping? How do you know? What will happen if you try the other shapes?
Why does the tower look a different size in each of these pictures?
A group of children are discussing the height of a tall tree. How would you go about finding out its height?
How many different cuboids can you make when you use four CDs or DVDs? How about using five, then six?
What happens to the area of a square if you double the length of the sides? Try the same thing with rectangles, diamonds and other shapes. How do the four smaller ones fit into the larger one?
An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.
We went to the cinema and decided to buy some bags of popcorn so we asked about the prices. Investigate how much popcorn each bag holds so find out which we might have bought.
If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?
What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?
What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can you investigate patios of different sizes?
A thoughtful shepherd used bales of straw to protect the area around his lambs. Explore how you can arrange the bales.
Investigate all the different squares you can make on this 5 by 5 grid by making your starting side go from the bottom left hand point. Can you find out the areas of all these squares?
Investigate the area of 'slices' cut off this cube of cheese. What would happen if you had different-sized block of cheese to start with?
Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?
Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?
How can you arrange the 5 cubes so that you need the smallest number of Brush Loads of paint to cover them? Try with other numbers of cubes as well.
What is the largest cuboid you can wrap in an A3 sheet of paper?
When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?
How many models can you find which obey these rules?
A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.
The challenge here is to find as many routes as you can for a fence to go so that this town is divided up into two halves, each with 8 blocks.
How many tiles do we need to tile these patios?
Explore one of these five pictures.
The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?
You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.
If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?
Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?
How many faces can you see when you arrange these three cubes in different ways?
If I use 12 green tiles to represent my lawn, how many different ways could I arrange them? How many border tiles would I need each time?
In this investigation we are going to count the number of 1s, 2s, 3s etc in numbers. Can you predict what will happen?
This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?
Bernard Bagnall looks at what 'problem solving' might really mean in the context of primary classrooms.
How many ways can you find of tiling the square patio, using square tiles of different sizes?
This challenge involves eight three-cube models made from interlocking cubes. Investigate different ways of putting the models together then compare your constructions.
Have a go at this 3D extension to the Pebbles problem.
Investigate these hexagons drawn from different sized equilateral triangles.