A description of some experiments in which you can make discoveries about triangles.
These pictures were made by starting with a square, finding the half-way point on each side and joining those points up. You could investigate your own starting shape.
Investigate these hexagons drawn from different sized equilateral triangles.
Investigate all the different squares you can make on this 5 by 5 grid by making your starting side go from the bottom left hand point. Can you find out the areas of all these squares?
How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?
An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.
Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.
The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?
How many ways can you find of tiling the square patio, using square tiles of different sizes?
What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can you investigate patios of different sizes?
I cut this square into two different shapes. What can you say about the relationship between them?
Investigate how this pattern of squares continues. You could measure lengths, areas and angles.
Investigate the different shaped bracelets you could make from 18 different spherical beads. How do they compare if you use 24 beads?
What shapes should Elly cut out to make a witch's hat? How can she make a taller hat?
This challenge involves eight three-cube models made from interlocking cubes. Investigate different ways of putting the models together then compare your constructions.
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?
In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?
In this investigation, you must try to make houses using cubes. If the base must not spill over 4 squares and you have 7 cubes which stand for 7 rooms, what different designs can you come up with?
A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.
I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you find for me to take?
Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?
Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.
We went to the cinema and decided to buy some bags of popcorn so we asked about the prices. Investigate how much popcorn each bag holds so find out which we might have bought.
Can you make these equilateral triangles fit together to cover the paper without any gaps between them? Can you tessellate isosceles triangles?
Can you find out how the 6-triangle shape is transformed in these tessellations? Will the tessellations go on for ever? Why or why not?
Arrange your fences to make the largest rectangular space you can. Try with four fences, then five, then six etc.
Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.
In this investigation, we look at Pascal's Triangle in a slightly different way - rotated and with the top line of ones taken off.
What happens to the area of a square if you double the length of the sides? Try the same thing with rectangles, diamonds and other shapes. How do the four smaller ones fit into the larger one?
How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?
Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?
What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?
Have a go at this 3D extension to the Pebbles problem.
How many models can you find which obey these rules?
What is the largest number of circles we can fit into the frame without them overlapping? How do you know? What will happen if you try the other shapes?
Can you create more models that follow these rules?
Make new patterns from simple turning instructions. You can have a go using pencil and paper or with a floor robot.
In this challenge, you will work in a group to investigate circular fences enclosing trees that are planted in square or triangular arrangements.
Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?
Can you find ways of joining cubes together so that 28 faces are visible?
How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?
How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?
What is the largest cuboid you can wrap in an A3 sheet of paper?
Explore one of these five pictures.
Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.
If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?
What do these two triangles have in common? How are they related?
A group of children are discussing the height of a tall tree. How would you go about finding out its height?
This tricky challenge asks you to find ways of going across rectangles, going through exactly ten squares.