Three children are going to buy some plants for their birthdays. They will plant them within circular paths. How could they do this?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you find for me to take?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?

Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4 arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or saucer of the same colour.

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

Investigate the different ways these aliens count in this challenge. You could start by thinking about how each of them would write our number 7.

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can you investigate patios of different sizes?

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

This challenge involves calculating the number of candles needed on birthday cakes. It is an opportunity to explore numbers and discover new things.

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?

This tricky challenge asks you to find ways of going across rectangles, going through exactly ten squares.

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

Let's suppose that you are going to have a magazine which has 16 pages of A5 size. Can you find some different ways to make these pages? Investigate the pattern for each if you number the pages.

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

The challenge here is to find as many routes as you can for a fence to go so that this town is divided up into two halves, each with 8 blocks.

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?

In this investigation, you must try to make houses using cubes. If the base must not spill over 4 squares and you have 7 cubes which stand for 7 rooms, what different designs can you come up with?

Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.

Make new patterns from simple turning instructions. You can have a go using pencil and paper or with a floor robot.

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?