This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

This tricky challenge asks you to find ways of going across rectangles, going through exactly ten squares.

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4 arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or saucer of the same colour.

In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you find for me to take?

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Investigate the different ways these aliens count in this challenge. You could start by thinking about how each of them would write our number 7.

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

This challenge involves calculating the number of candles needed on birthday cakes. It is an opportunity to explore numbers and discover new things.

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

The challenge here is to find as many routes as you can for a fence to go so that this town is divided up into two halves, each with 8 blocks.

What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can you investigate patios of different sizes?

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

The letters of the word ABACUS have been arranged in the shape of a triangle. How many different ways can you find to read the word ABACUS from this triangular pattern?

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?

When Charlie asked his grandmother how old she is, he didn't get a straightforward reply! Can you work out how old she is?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?

In this investigation we are going to count the number of 1s, 2s, 3s etc in numbers. Can you predict what will happen?

This challenge involves eight three-cube models made from interlocking cubes. Investigate different ways of putting the models together then compare your constructions.

What is the largest number of circles we can fit into the frame without them overlapping? How do you know? What will happen if you try the other shapes?

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?