This challenge involves calculating the number of candles needed on birthday cakes. It is an opportunity to explore numbers and discover new things.

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

How many different sets of numbers with at least four members can you find in the numbers in this box?

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can you investigate patios of different sizes?

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

Can you find ways of joining cubes together so that 28 faces are visible?

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?

In this investigation we are going to count the number of 1s, 2s, 3s etc in numbers. Can you predict what will happen?

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

This tricky challenge asks you to find ways of going across rectangles, going through exactly ten squares.

In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?

The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?

I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you find for me to take?

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

How many ways can you find of tiling the square patio, using square tiles of different sizes?

There are to be 6 homes built on a new development site. They could be semi-detached, detached or terraced houses. How many different combinations of these can you find?

If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

The challenge here is to find as many routes as you can for a fence to go so that this town is divided up into two halves, each with 8 blocks.

In this investigation, you must try to make houses using cubes. If the base must not spill over 4 squares and you have 7 cubes which stand for 7 rooms, what different designs can you come up with?

Let's suppose that you are going to have a magazine which has 16 pages of A5 size. Can you find some different ways to make these pages? Investigate the pattern for each if you number the pages.

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

Vincent and Tara are making triangles with the class construction set. They have a pile of strips of different lengths. How many different triangles can they make?

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

In this section from a calendar, put a square box around the 1st, 2nd, 8th and 9th. Add all the pairs of numbers. What do you notice about the answers?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?