Resources tagged with: Diophantine equations

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Broad Topics > Algebraic expressions, equations and formulae > Diophantine equations

Shades of Fermat's Last Theorem

Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

The familiar Pythagorean 3-4-5 triple gives one solution to (x-1)^n + x^n = (x+1)^n so what about other solutions for x an integer and n= 2, 3, 4 or 5?

Deep Roots

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Find integer solutions to: $\sqrt{a+b\sqrt{x}} + \sqrt{c+d.\sqrt{x}}=1$

Upsetting Pitagoras

Age 14 to 18 Challenge Level:

Find the smallest integer solution to the equation 1/x^2 + 1/y^2 = 1/z^2

Code to Zero

Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

Find all 3 digit numbers such that by adding the first digit, the square of the second and the cube of the third you get the original number, for example 1 + 3^2 + 5^3 = 135.

Euclid's Algorithm II

Age 16 to 18

We continue the discussion given in Euclid's Algorithm I, and here we shall discover when an equation of the form ax+by=c has no solutions, and when it has infinitely many solutions.

Euclid's Algorithm I

Age 16 to 18

How can we solve equations like 13x + 29y = 42 or 2x +4y = 13 with the solutions x and y being integers? Read this article to find out.

Exhaustion

Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

Find the positive integer solutions of the equation (1+1/a)(1+1/b)(1+1/c) = 2

Why Stop at Three by One

Age 16 to 18

Beautiful mathematics. Two 18 year old students gave eight different proofs of one result then generalised it from the 3 by 1 case to the n by 1 case and proved the general result.

Lattice Points

Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

Why are there only a few lattice points on a hyperbola and infinitely many on a parabola?

Coffee

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

To make 11 kilograms of this blend of coffee costs £15 per kilogram. The blend uses more Brazilian, Kenyan and Mocha coffee... How many kilograms of each type of coffee are used?

Our Ages

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

I am exactly n times my daughter's age. In m years I shall be ... How old am I?

BT.. Eat Your Heart Out

Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

If the last four digits of my phone number are placed in front of the remaining three you get one more than twice my number! What is it?

Rudolff's Problem

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

A group of 20 people pay a total of £20 to see an exhibition. The admission price is £3 for men, £2 for women and 50p for children. How many men, women and children are there in the group?

In Particular

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Can you find formulas giving all the solutions to 7x + 11y = 100 where x and y are integers?

CD Heaven

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

All CD Heaven stores were given the same number of a popular CD to sell for £24. In their two week sale each store reduces the price of the CD by 25% ... How many CDs did the store sell at. . . .

Are You Kidding

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

If the altitude of an isosceles triangle is 8 units and the perimeter of the triangle is 32 units.... What is the area of the triangle?

Double Angle Triples

Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

Try out this geometry problem involving trigonometry and number theory