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Resources tagged with Plane shapes and their properties similar to Rolling Around:

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Broad Topics > Angles, Polygons, and Geometrical Proof > Plane shapes and their properties

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Rolling Around

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A circle rolls around the outside edge of a square so that its circumference always touches the edge of the square. Can you describe the locus of the centre of the circle?

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Tied Up

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

In a right angled triangular field, three animals are tethered to posts at the midpoint of each side. Each rope is just long enough to allow the animal to reach two adjacent vertices. Only one animal. . . .

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Polycircles

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Show that for any triangle it is always possible to construct 3 touching circles with centres at the vertices. Is it possible to construct touching circles centred at the vertices of any polygon?

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Efficient Cutting

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Use a single sheet of A4 paper and make a cylinder having the greatest possible volume. The cylinder must be closed off by a circle at each end.

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Like a Circle in a Spiral

Stage: 2, 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A cheap and simple toy with lots of mathematics. Can you interpret the images that are produced? Can you predict the pattern that will be produced using different wheels?

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Rolling Coins

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A blue coin rolls round two yellow coins which touch. The coins are the same size. How many revolutions does the blue coin make when it rolls all the way round the yellow coins? Investigate for a. . . .

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Curvy Areas

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

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Squaring the Circle and Circling the Square

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

If you continue the pattern, can you predict what each of the following areas will be? Try to explain your prediction.

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Efficient Packing

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

How efficiently can you pack together disks?

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LOGO Challenge - Circles as Animals

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

See if you can anticipate successive 'generations' of the two animals shown here.

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Bow Tie

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Show how this pentagonal tile can be used to tile the plane and describe the transformations which map this pentagon to its images in the tiling.

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Square Pegs

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg in a square hole?

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Circles, Circles Everywhere

Stage: 2 and 3

This article for pupils gives some examples of how circles have featured in people's lives for centuries.

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Circle Packing

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Equal circles can be arranged so that each circle touches four or six others. What percentage of the plane is covered by circles in each packing pattern? ...

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Towering Trapeziums

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you find the areas of the trapezia in this sequence?

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Opposite Vertices

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you recreate squares and rhombuses if you are only given a side or a diagonal?

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Salinon

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

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Semi-square

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?

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Hex

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Explain how the thirteen pieces making up the regular hexagon shown in the diagram can be re-assembled to form three smaller regular hexagons congruent to each other.

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The Medieval Octagon

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Medieval stonemasons used a method to construct octagons using ruler and compasses... Is the octagon regular? Proof please.

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Not So Little X

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Two circles are enclosed by a rectangle 12 units by x units. The distance between the centres of the two circles is x/3 units. How big is x?

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Some(?) of the Parts

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A circle touches the lines OA, OB and AB where OA and OB are perpendicular. Show that the diameter of the circle is equal to the perimeter of the triangle

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Floored

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A floor is covered by a tessellation of equilateral triangles, each having three equal arcs inside it. What proportion of the area of the tessellation is shaded?

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Pie Cuts

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Investigate the different ways of cutting a perfectly circular pie into equal pieces using exactly 3 cuts. The cuts have to be along chords of the circle (which might be diameters).

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Three Four Five

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Two semi-circles (each of radius 1/2) touch each other, and a semi-circle of radius 1 touches both of them. Find the radius of the circle which touches all three semi-circles.

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Semi-detached

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

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Circumnavigation

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

The sides of a triangle are 25, 39 and 40 units of length. Find the diameter of the circumscribed circle.

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Trapezium Four

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?

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Arclets Explained

Stage: 3 and 4

This article gives an wonderful insight into students working on the Arclets problem that first appeared in the Sept 2002 edition of the NRICH website.

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LOGO Challenge 10 - Circles

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

In LOGO circles can be described in terms of polygons with an infinite (in this case large number) of sides - investigate this definition further.

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Partly Circles

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

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LOGO Challenge 12 - Concentric Circles

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you reproduce the design comprising a series of concentric circles? Test your understanding of the realtionship betwwn the circumference and diameter of a circle.

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Circumspection

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

M is any point on the line AB. Squares of side length AM and MB are constructed and their circumcircles intersect at P (and M). Prove that the lines AD and BE produced pass through P.

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Bicentric Quadrilaterals

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Investigate the properties of quadrilaterals which can be drawn with a circle just touching each side and another circle just touching each vertex.

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Holly

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The ten arcs forming the edges of the "holly leaf" are all arcs of circles of radius 1 cm. Find the length of the perimeter of the holly leaf and the area of its surface.

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Roaming Rhombus

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

We have four rods of equal lengths hinged at their endpoints to form a rhombus ABCD. Keeping AB fixed we allow CD to take all possible positions in the plane. What is the locus (or path) of the point. . . .

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Approximating Pi

Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

By inscribing a circle in a square and then a square in a circle find an approximation to pi. By using a hexagon, can you improve on the approximation?

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Blue and White

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Identical squares of side one unit contain some circles shaded blue. In which of the four examples is the shaded area greatest?

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Pent

Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The diagram shows a regular pentagon with sides of unit length. Find all the angles in the diagram. Prove that the quadrilateral shown in red is a rhombus.

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Darts and Kites

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Explore the geometry of these dart and kite shapes!

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Rhombus in Rectangle

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

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Fitting In

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF. Similarly the largest. . . .

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Quadarc

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Given a square ABCD of sides 10 cm, and using the corners as centres, construct four quadrants with radius 10 cm each inside the square. The four arcs intersect at P, Q, R and S. Find the. . . .

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LOGO Challenge 2 - Diamonds Are Forever

Stage: 2, 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

The challenge is to produce elegant solutions. Elegance here implies simplicity. The focus is on rhombi, in particular those formed by jointing two equilateral triangles along an edge.

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Squaring the Circle

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Bluey-green, white and transparent squares with a few odd bits of shapes around the perimeter. But, how many squares are there of each type in the complete circle? Study the picture and make. . . .

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A Rational Search

Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Investigate constructible images which contain rational areas.

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Gym Bag

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can Jo make a gym bag for her trainers from the piece of fabric she has?

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Track Design

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Where should runners start the 200m race so that they have all run the same distance by the finish?

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LOGO Challenge 8 - Rhombi

Stage: 2, 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Explore patterns based on a rhombus. How can you enlarge the pattern - or explode it?

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Circles in Quadrilaterals

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Explore when it is possible to construct a circle which just touches all four sides of a quadrilateral.