32 x 38 = 30 x 40 + 2 x 8; 34 x 36 = 30 x 40 + 4 x 6; 56 x 54 = 50 x 60 + 6 x 4; 73 x 77 = 70 x 80 + 3 x 7 Verify and generalise if possible.

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

Every day at noon a boat leaves Le Havre for New York while another boat leaves New York for Le Havre. The ocean crossing takes seven days. How many boats will each boat cross during their journey?

In how many distinct ways can six islands be joined by bridges so that each island can be reached from every other island...

First of all, pick the number of times a week that you would like to eat chocolate. Multiply this number by 2...

Can you cross each of the seven bridges that join the north and south of the river to the two islands, once and once only, without retracing your steps?

A bus route has a total duration of 40 minutes. Every 10 minutes, two buses set out, one from each end. How many buses will one bus meet on its way from one end to the other end?

Blue Flibbins are so jealous of their red partners that they will not leave them on their own with any other bue Flibbin. What is the quickest way of getting the five pairs of Flibbins safely to. . . .

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

Your partner chooses two beads and places them side by side behind a screen. What is the minimum number of guesses you would need to be sure of guessing the two beads and their positions?

Sometime during every hour the minute hand lies directly above the hour hand. At what time between 4 and 5 o'clock does this happen?

Investigate circuits and record your findings in this simple introduction to truth tables and logic.

Can you find the lap times of the two cyclists travelling at constant speeds?

On a clock the three hands - the second, minute and hour hands - are on the same axis. How often in a 24 hour day will the second hand be parallel to either of the two other hands?

Can you explain why every year must contain at least one Friday the thirteenth?

Christmas trees are planted in a rectangular array. Which is the taller tree, A or B?

If it takes four men one day to build a wall, how long does it take 60,000 men to build a similar wall?

Basic strategy games are particularly suitable as starting points for investigations. Players instinctively try to discover a winning strategy, and usually the best way to do this is to analyse. . . .

This article for students gives some instructions about how to make some different braids.

This article for pupils gives an introduction to Celtic knotwork patterns and a feel for how you can draw them.

Suppose you are a bellringer. Can you find the changes so that, starting and ending with a round, all the 24 possible permutations are rung once each and only once?

bioNRICH is the area of the stemNRICH site devoted to the mathematics underlying the study of the biological sciences, designed to help develop the mathematics required to get the most from your. . . .

Explore the transformations and comment on what you find.

chemNRICH is the area of the stemNRICH site devoted to the mathematics underlying the study of chemistry, designed to help develop the mathematics required to get the most from your study. . . .

PhysNRICH is the area of the StemNRICH site devoted to the mathematics underlying the study of physics

In this article for teachers, Alan Parr looks at ways that mathematics teaching and learning can start from the useful and interesting things can we do with the subject, including. . . .

A car is travelling along a dual carriageway at constant speed. Every 3 minutes a bus passes going in the opposite direction, while every 6 minutes a bus passes the car travelling in the same. . . .

PhysNRICH is the area of the StemNRICH site devoted to the mathematics underlying the study of physics

Fancy a game of cricket? Here is a mathematical version you can play indoors without breaking any windows.

The triathlon is a physically gruelling challenge. Can you work out which athlete burnt the most calories?

How does the time of dawn and dusk vary? What about the Moon, how does that change from night to night? Is the Sun always the same? Gather data to help you explore these questions.

Many natural systems appear to be in equilibrium until suddenly a critical point is reached, setting up a mudslide or an avalanche or an earthquake. In this project, students will use a simple. . . .

Can you suggest a curve to fit some experimental data? Can you work out where the data might have come from?

Simple models which help us to investigate how epidemics grow and die out.

Formulate and investigate a simple mathematical model for the design of a table mat.

What shapes should Elly cut out to make a witch's hat? How can she make a taller hat?

How do you write a computer program that creates the illusion of stretching elastic bands between pegs of a Geoboard? The answer contains some surprising mathematics.

Can you make sense of information about trees in order to maximise the profits of a forestry company?

It is possible to identify a particular card out of a pack of 15 with the use of some mathematical reasoning. What is this reasoning and can it be applied to other numbers of cards?

In a league of 5 football teams which play in a round robin tournament show that it is possible for all five teams to be league leaders.

This article for students introduces the idea of naming knots using numbers. You'll need some paper and something to write with handy!

A brief video explaining the idea of a mathematical knot.

You have two bags, four red balls and four white balls. You must put all the balls in the bags although you are allowed to have one bag empty. How should you distribute the balls between the two. . . .

The King showed the Princess a map of the maze and the Princess was allowed to decide which room she would wait in. She was not allowed to send a copy to her lover who would have to guess which path. . . .

At Holborn underground station there is a very long escalator. Two people are in a hurry and so climb the escalator as it is moving upwards, thus adding their speed to that of the moving steps. . . .

The builders have dug a hole in the ground to be filled with concrete for the foundations of our garage. How many cubic metres of ready-mix concrete should the builders order to fill this hole to. . . .

The third installment in our series on the shape of astronomical systems, this article explores galaxies and the universe beyond our solar system.

Chris is enjoying a swim but needs to get back for lunch. If she can swim at 3 m/s and run at 7m/sec, how far along the bank should she land in order to get back as quickly as possible?

To win on a scratch card you have to uncover three numbers that add up to more than fifteen. What is the probability of winning a prize?