What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Three circles have a maximum of six intersections with each other. What is the maximum number of intersections that a hundred circles could have?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

Draw a square. A second square of the same size slides around the first always maintaining contact and keeping the same orientation. How far does the dot travel?

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

Explore the effect of reflecting in two intersecting mirror lines.

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number youâ€™re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4