The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .

It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled ropes...

The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. Here is a chance to explore how they could have written different fractions.

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums? 1/2 + 2/1 = 2/3 + 3/2 = 3/4 + 4/3 =

Choose a couple of the sequences. Try to picture how to make the next, and the next, and the next... Can you describe your reasoning?

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

Take any two positive numbers. Calculate the arithmetic and geometric means. Repeat the calculations to generate a sequence of arithmetic means and geometric means. Make a note of what happens to the. . . .

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

Take any whole number between 1 and 999, add the squares of the digits to get a new number. Make some conjectures about what happens in general.

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

Charlie has moved between countries and the average income of both has increased. How can this be so?

Three circles have a maximum of six intersections with each other. What is the maximum number of intersections that a hundred circles could have?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The winner is the player to take the last counter.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?