In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that
cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can
make? And the greatest?
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases
overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of
his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a
factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and
16 is a factor of 48.
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of
adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain
why and prove it?
You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?
A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle
contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100
squares? Can you find them all?
Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?
Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.
We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering
the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way
that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4
Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?
Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the
quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How
about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you
can predict what will happen.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?
Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
Can you find the values at the vertices when you know the values on
How many moves does it take to swap over some red and blue frogs? Do you have a method?
Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?
Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?
Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?
Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What
number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to
dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?
How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there
are in different sized boxes?
Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes
there would be if hundreds of people met?
This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat?
How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.
It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled
It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but
what if they were tilted?
Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.