This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?