Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!
While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.
Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?
Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?
The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?
Can you dissect a square into: 4, 7, 10, 13... other squares? 6, 9, 12, 15... other squares? 8, 11, 14... other squares?
How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?
The Tower of Hanoi is an ancient mathematical challenge. Working on the building blocks may help you to explain the patterns you notice.
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.
The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .
Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.
Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.
In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?
An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.
If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.
Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.
Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?
When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.
These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?
Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?
Can you explain how this card trick works?
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.
Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?
Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?
Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.
How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.
The diagram shows a 5 by 5 geoboard with 25 pins set out in a square array. Squares are made by stretching rubber bands round specific pins. What is the total number of squares that can be made on a. . . .
A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is odd.
What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.