Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.
It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!
Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
How many different journeys could you make if you were going to visit four stations in this network? How about if there were five stations? Can you predict the number of journeys for seven stations?
Charlie has made a Magic V. Can you use his example to make some more? And how about Magic Ls, Ns and Ws?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.
What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.
Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.
The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .
Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.
Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.
Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?
Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.
When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...
In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.
This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.
Can you dissect a square into: 4, 7, 10, 13... other squares? 6, 9, 12, 15... other squares? 8, 11, 14... other squares?
In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.
Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?
An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.
How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?
Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.
Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?
If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?
One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?
How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?
Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?
In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.
Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?
These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?
Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.
Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.
The Tower of Hanoi is an ancient mathematical challenge. Working on the building blocks may help you to explain the patterns you notice.
Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is odd.
Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?
Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?
Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?