It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?

In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Can you dissect a square into: 4, 7, 10, 13... other squares? 6, 9, 12, 15... other squares? 8, 11, 14... other squares?

A game for 2 players. Set out 16 counters in rows of 1,3,5 and 7. Players take turns to remove any number of counters from a row. The player left with the last counter looses.

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Use the animation to help you work out how many lines are needed to draw mystic roses of different sizes.

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

The diagram shows a 5 by 5 geoboard with 25 pins set out in a square array. Squares are made by stretching rubber bands round specific pins. What is the total number of squares that can be made on a. . . .

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.