Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

Can you find a way of counting the spheres in these arrangements?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

I added together some of my neighbours house numbers. Can you explain the patterns I noticed?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Draw a square. A second square of the same size slides around the first always maintaining contact and keeping the same orientation. How far does the dot travel?