This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is odd.

How many different journeys could you make if you were going to visit four stations in this network? How about if there were five stations? Can you predict the number of journeys for seven stations?

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two intersecting mirror lines.

Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?