Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number youâ€™re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.