Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

Can you find a way of counting the spheres in these arrangements?

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number youâ€™re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Can you dissect a square into: 4, 7, 10, 13... other squares? 6, 9, 12, 15... other squares? 8, 11, 14... other squares?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.