Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Can you find a way of counting the spheres in these arrangements?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is odd.

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?