Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number youâ€™re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

Can you find a way of counting the spheres in these arrangements?

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

How many different journeys could you make if you were going to visit four stations in this network? How about if there were five stations? Can you predict the number of journeys for seven stations?

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?