In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.
Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?
Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?
Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.
Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.
Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?
Can you find a way of counting the spheres in these arrangements?
These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?
Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?
Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number youâ€™re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?
Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?
Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?
A collection of games on the NIM theme
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?
What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?
We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4
While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?
Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The winner is the player to take the last counter.
It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled ropes...
Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.
Can you tangle yourself up and reach any fraction?
The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .
A game for 2 players with similaritlies to NIM. Place one counter on each spot on the games board. Players take it is turns to remove 1 or 2 adjacent counters. The winner picks up the last counter.
Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?
When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...
A game for 2 players. Set out 16 counters in rows of 1,3,5 and 7. Players take turns to remove any number of counters from a row. The player left with the last counter looses.
Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.
This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.
How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.
Explore the effect of reflecting in two intersecting mirror lines.
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.
Explore the effect of combining enlargements.
Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?
What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?
An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.