Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.