Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

The Tower of Hanoi is an ancient mathematical challenge. Working on the building blocks may help you to explain the patterns you notice.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?