This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

Try out this number trick. What happens with different starting numbers? What do you notice?

Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is odd.

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

How many different journeys could you make if you were going to visit four stations in this network? How about if there were five stations? Can you predict the number of journeys for seven stations?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

Take a look at the video of this trick. Can you perform it yourself? Why is this maths and not magic?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?