Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?
It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?
A red square and a blue square overlap so that the corner of the red square rests on the centre of the blue square. Show that, whatever the orientation of the red square, it covers a quarter of the. . . .
Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.
Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.
What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?
Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.
Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.
Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?
You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .
With one cut a piece of card 16 cm by 9 cm can be made into two pieces which can be rearranged to form a square 12 cm by 12 cm. Explain how this can be done.
These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?
A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .
Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?
A game for 2 players with similarities to NIM. Place one counter on each spot on the games board. Players take it is turns to remove 1 or 2 adjacent counters. The winner picks up the last counter.
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?
The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. Here is a chance to explore how they could have written different fractions.
Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?
Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?
The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.
What's the largest volume of box you can make from a square of paper?
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?
Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?
We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.
Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?
When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
Take a look at the video of this trick. Can you perform it yourself? Why is this maths and not magic?
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?
Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.
Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?
Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?
This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.