The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. Here is a chance to explore how they could have written different fractions.

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled ropes...

This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

A game for 2 players with similarities to NIM. Place one counter on each spot on the games board. Players take it is turns to remove 1 or 2 adjacent counters. The winner picks up the last counter.

Think of a number, add one, double it, take away 3, add the number you first thought of, add 7, divide by 3 and take away the number you first thought of. You should now be left with 2. How do I. . . .

Make some loops out of regular hexagons. What rules can you discover?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

A game for 2 players. Set out 16 counters in rows of 1,3,5 and 7. Players take turns to remove any number of counters from a row. The player left with the last counter looses.

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!

Take a look at the multiplication square. The first eleven triangle numbers have been identified. Can you see a pattern? Does the pattern continue?

Can you find sets of sloping lines that enclose a square?

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

In how many ways can you arrange three dice side by side on a surface so that the sum of the numbers on each of the four faces (top, bottom, front and back) is equal?

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

Explore the effect of reflecting in two intersecting mirror lines.

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Great Granddad is very proud of his telegram from the Queen congratulating him on his hundredth birthday and he has friends who are even older than he is... When was he born?

Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?