Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is odd.
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.
Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.
A game for 2 players with similaritlies to NIM. Place one counter on each spot on the games board. Players take it is turns to remove 1 or 2 adjacent counters. The winner picks up the last counter.
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?
Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
A game for 2 players. Set out 16 counters in rows of 1,3,5 and 7. Players take turns to remove any number of counters from a row. The player left with the last counter looses.
Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?
Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.
In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?
Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?
In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.
Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?
Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?
Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?
Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?
Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?
Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.
Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.
Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?
What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.