We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?

Can you dissect a square into: 4, 7, 10, 13... other squares? 6, 9, 12, 15... other squares? 8, 11, 14... other squares?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

How many different journeys could you make if you were going to visit four stations in this network? How about if there were five stations? Can you predict the number of journeys for seven stations?

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .

What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums? 1/2 + 2/1 = 2/3 + 3/2 = 3/4 + 4/3 =

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Take any two positive numbers. Calculate the arithmetic and geometric means. Repeat the calculations to generate a sequence of arithmetic means and geometric means. Make a note of what happens to the. . . .

Choose a couple of the sequences. Try to picture how to make the next, and the next, and the next... Can you describe your reasoning?