By proving these particular identities, prove the existence of general cases.

The sum of any two of the numbers 2, 34 and 47 is a perfect square. Choose three square numbers and find sets of three integers with this property. Generalise to four integers.

By considering powers of (1+x), show that the sum of the squares of the binomial coefficients from 0 to n is 2nCn

A, B & C own a half, a third and a sixth of a coin collection. Each grab some coins, return some, then share equally what they had put back, finishing with their own share. How rich are they?

Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?

Prove that if the integer n is divisible by 4 then it can be written as the difference of two squares.

Find the missing angle between the two secants to the circle when the two angles at the centre subtended by the arcs created by the intersections of the secants and the circle are 50 and 120 degrees.

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

With n people anywhere in a field each shoots a water pistol at the nearest person. In general who gets wet? What difference does it make if n is odd or even?

Relate these algebraic expressions to geometrical diagrams.

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

Can you find the value of this function involving algebraic fractions for x=2000?

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Some diagrammatic 'proofs' of algebraic identities and inequalities.

Take a complicated fraction with the product of five quartics top and bottom and reduce this to a whole number. This is a numerical example involving some clever algebra.

Given any two polynomials in a single variable it is always possible to eliminate the variable and obtain a formula showing the relationship between the two polynomials. Try this one.

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

Show that for natural numbers x and y if x/y > 1 then x/y>(x+1)/(y+1}>1. Hence prove that the product for i=1 to n of [(2i)/(2i-1)] tends to infinity as n tends to infinity.

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

Can you explain why a sequence of operations always gives you perfect squares?

To find the integral of a polynomial, evaluate it at some special points and add multiples of these values.

Find all positive integers a and b for which the two equations: x^2-ax+b = 0 and x^2-bx+a = 0 both have positive integer solutions.

When if ever do you get the right answer if you add two fractions by adding the numerators and adding the denominators?

Fractional calculus is a generalisation of ordinary calculus where you can differentiate n times when n is not a whole number.

In this 7-sandwich: 7 1 3 1 6 4 3 5 7 2 4 6 2 5 there are 7 numbers between the 7s, 6 between the 6s etc. The article shows which values of n can make n-sandwiches and which cannot.

We continue the discussion given in Euclid's Algorithm I, and here we shall discover when an equation of the form ax+by=c has no solutions, and when it has infinitely many solutions.

A polite number can be written as the sum of two or more consecutive positive integers. Find the consecutive sums giving the polite numbers 544 and 424. What characterizes impolite numbers?

Prove that you cannot form a Magic W with a total of 12 or less or with a with a total of 18 or more.

It is impossible to trisect an angle using only ruler and compasses but it can be done using a carpenter's square.

Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.

In this article we show that every whole number can be written as a continued fraction of the form k/(1+k/(1+k/...)).

This article looks at knight's moves on a chess board and introduces you to the idea of vectors and vector addition.

An account of methods for finding whether or not a number can be written as the sum of two or more squares or as the sum of two or more cubes.

Peter Zimmerman, a Year 13 student at Mill Hill County High School in Barnet, London wrote this account of modulus arithmetic.

The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!

This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.

Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and. . . .

Professor Korner has generously supported school mathematics for more than 30 years and has been a good friend to NRICH since it started.

This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.

Toni Beardon has chosen this article introducing a rich area for practical exploration and discovery in 3D geometry

What is the largest number of intersection points that a triangle and a quadrilateral can have?

Here is a proof of Euler's formula in the plane and on a sphere together with projects to explore cases of the formula for a polygon with holes, for the torus and other solids with holes and the. . . .

When is it impossible to make number sandwiches?

If I tell you two sides of a right-angled triangle, you can easily work out the third. But what if the angle between the two sides is not a right angle?

A introduction to how patterns can be deceiving, and what is and is not a proof.

Given a set of points (x,y) with distinct x values, find a polynomial that goes through all of them, then prove some results about the existence and uniqueness of these polynomials.