Three equilateral triangles ABC, AYX and XZB are drawn with the point X a moveable point on AB. The points P, Q and R are the centres of the three triangles. What can you say about triangle PQR?

Explain why, when moving heavy objects on rollers, the object moves twice as fast as the rollers. Try a similar experiment yourself.

Which is the biggest and which the smallest of $2000^{2002}, 2001^{2001} \text{and } 2002^{2000}$?

Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and. . . .

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

Can you work through these direct proofs, using our interactive proof sorters?

A serious but easily readable discussion of proof in mathematics with some amusing stories and some interesting examples.

Investigate circuits and record your findings in this simple introduction to truth tables and logic.

Can you visualise whether these nets fold up into 3D shapes? Watch the videos each time to see if you were correct.

Some diagrammatic 'proofs' of algebraic identities and inequalities.

Investigate the number of points with integer coordinates on circles with centres at the origin for which the square of the radius is a power of 5.

This is an interactivity in which you have to sort the steps in the completion of the square into the correct order to prove the formula for the solutions of quadratic equations.

Eulerian and Hamiltonian circuits are defined with some simple examples and a couple of puzzles to illustrate Hamiltonian circuits.

Can you correctly order the steps in the proof of the formula for the sum of a geometric series?

This article invites you to get familiar with a strategic game called "sprouts". The game is simple enough for younger children to understand, and has also provided experienced mathematicians with. . . .

Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?

Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.

Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?

Can you see how this picture illustrates the formula for the sum of the first six cube numbers?

The picture illustrates the sum 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = (4 x 5)/2. Prove the general formula for the sum of the first n natural numbers and the formula for the sum of the cubes of the first n natural. . . .

Mark a point P inside a closed curve. Is it always possible to find two points that lie on the curve, such that P is the mid point of the line joining these two points?

A blue coin rolls round two yellow coins which touch. The coins are the same size. How many revolutions does the blue coin make when it rolls all the way round the yellow coins? Investigate for a. . . .

Show that x = 1 is a solution of the equation x^(3/2) - 8x^(-3/2) = 7 and find all other solutions.

Do you have enough information to work out the area of the shaded quadrilateral?

When is it impossible to make number sandwiches?

We are given a regular icosahedron having three red vertices. Show that it has a vertex that has at least two red neighbours.

This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.

Clearly if a, b and c are the lengths of the sides of an equilateral triangle then a^2 + b^2 + c^2 = ab + bc + ca. Is the converse true?

Four jewellers share their stock. Can you work out the relative values of their gems?

Use this interactivity to sort out the steps of the proof of the formula for the sum of an arithmetic series. The 'thermometer' will tell you how you are doing

Fractional calculus is a generalisation of ordinary calculus where you can differentiate n times when n is not a whole number.

Have a go at being mathematically negative, by negating these statements.

Starting with one of the mini-challenges, how many of the other mini-challenges will you invent for yourself?

ABCD is a square. P is the midpoint of AB and is joined to C. A line from D perpendicular to PC meets the line at the point Q. Prove AQ = AD.

Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.

In this 7-sandwich: 7 1 3 1 6 4 3 5 7 2 4 6 2 5 there are 7 numbers between the 7s, 6 between the 6s etc. The article shows which values of n can make n-sandwiches and which cannot.

Professor Korner has generously supported school mathematics for more than 30 years and has been a good friend to NRICH since it started.

We continue the discussion given in Euclid's Algorithm I, and here we shall discover when an equation of the form ax+by=c has no solutions, and when it has infinitely many solutions.

The diagram shows a regular pentagon with sides of unit length. Find all the angles in the diagram. Prove that the quadrilateral shown in red is a rhombus.

Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

A composite number is one that is neither prime nor 1. Show that 10201 is composite in any base.

Peter Zimmerman, a Year 13 student at Mill Hill County High School in Barnet, London wrote this account of modulus arithmetic.

In this article we show that every whole number can be written as a continued fraction of the form k/(1+k/(1+k/...)).

An account of methods for finding whether or not a number can be written as the sum of two or more squares or as the sum of two or more cubes.

Suppose A always beats B and B always beats C, then would you expect A to beat C? Not always! What seems obvious is not always true. Results always need to be proved in mathematics.