With n people anywhere in a field each shoots a water pistol at the nearest person. In general who gets wet? What difference does it make if n is odd or even?

Peter Zimmerman from Mill Hill County High School in Barnet, London gives a neat proof that: 5^(2n+1) + 11^(2n+1) + 17^(2n+1) is divisible by 33 for every non negative integer n.

Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh power.

An account of methods for finding whether or not a number can be written as the sum of two or more squares or as the sum of two or more cubes.

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.

By considering powers of (1+x), show that the sum of the squares of the binomial coefficients from 0 to n is 2nCn

Prove that if the integer n is divisible by 4 then it can be written as the difference of two squares.

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Make and prove a conjecture about the value of the product of the Fibonacci numbers $F_{n+1}F_{n-1}$.

How many noughts are at the end of these giant numbers?

This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.

Find all real solutions of the equation (x^2-7x+11)^(x^2-11x+30) = 1.

This article invites you to get familiar with a strategic game called "sprouts". The game is simple enough for younger children to understand, and has also provided experienced mathematicians with. . . .

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

An article about the strategy for playing The Triangle Game which appears on the NRICH site. It contains a simple lemma about labelling a grid of equilateral triangles within a triangular frame.

Can you correctly order the steps in the proof of the formula for the sum of a geometric series?

Can you see how this picture illustrates the formula for the sum of the first six cube numbers?

Let a(n) be the number of ways of expressing the integer n as an ordered sum of 1's and 2's. Let b(n) be the number of ways of expressing n as an ordered sum of integers greater than 1. (i) Calculate. . . .

An introduction to some beautiful results of Number Theory

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

Can you work through these direct proofs, using our interactive proof sorters?

Clearly if a, b and c are the lengths of the sides of an equilateral triangle then a^2 + b^2 + c^2 = ab + bc + ca. Is the converse true?

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

A polite number can be written as the sum of two or more consecutive positive integers. Find the consecutive sums giving the polite numbers 544 and 424. What characterizes impolite numbers?

Explore what happens when you draw graphs of quadratic equations with coefficients based on a geometric sequence.

The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .

By proving these particular identities, prove the existence of general cases.

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Find the largest integer which divides every member of the following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.

It is impossible to trisect an angle using only ruler and compasses but it can be done using a carpenter's square.

In this article we show that every whole number can be written as a continued fraction of the form k/(1+k/(1+k/...)).

We continue the discussion given in Euclid's Algorithm I, and here we shall discover when an equation of the form ax+by=c has no solutions, and when it has infinitely many solutions.

In this 7-sandwich: 7 1 3 1 6 4 3 5 7 2 4 6 2 5 there are 7 numbers between the 7s, 6 between the 6s etc. The article shows which values of n can make n-sandwiches and which cannot.

We only need 7 numbers for modulus (or clock) arithmetic mod 7 including working with fractions. Explore how to divide numbers and write fractions in modulus arithemtic.

Suppose A always beats B and B always beats C, then would you expect A to beat C? Not always! What seems obvious is not always true. Results always need to be proved in mathematics.

A point moves around inside a rectangle. What are the least and the greatest values of the sum of the squares of the distances from the vertices?

Peter Zimmerman, a Year 13 student at Mill Hill County High School in Barnet, London wrote this account of modulus arithmetic.

Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.

This article looks at knight's moves on a chess board and introduces you to the idea of vectors and vector addition.

The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!

Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and. . . .

This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.

Professor Korner has generously supported school mathematics for more than 30 years and has been a good friend to NRICH since it started.

When if ever do you get the right answer if you add two fractions by adding the numerators and adding the denominators?

Take a complicated fraction with the product of five quartics top and bottom and reduce this to a whole number. This is a numerical example involving some clever algebra.

Toni Beardon has chosen this article introducing a rich area for practical exploration and discovery in 3D geometry