An introduction to some beautiful results of Number Theory
A serious but easily readable discussion of proof in mathematics with some amusing stories and some interesting examples.
Can you invert the logic to prove these statements?
Can you work through these direct proofs, using our interactive proof sorters?
Show that for natural numbers x and y if x/y > 1 then x/y>(x+1)/(y+1}>1. Hence prove that the product for i=1 to n of [(2i)/(2i-1)] tends to infinity as n tends to infinity.
Can you rearrange the cards to make a series of correct mathematical statements?
The final of five articles which containe the proof of why the sequence introduced in article IV either reaches the fixed point 0 or the sequence enters a repeating cycle of four values.
A connected graph is a graph in which we can get from any vertex to any other by travelling along the edges. A tree is a connected graph with no closed circuits (or loops. Prove that every tree has. . . .
Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?
This article extends the discussions in "Whole number dynamics I". Continuing the proof that, for all starting points, the Happy Number sequence goes into a loop or homes in on a fixed point.
These proofs are wrong. Can you see why?
In this third of five articles we prove that whatever whole number we start with for the Happy Number sequence we will always end up with some set of numbers being repeated over and over again.
When is it impossible to make number sandwiches?
Follow the hints and prove Pick's Theorem.
An article about the strategy for playing The Triangle Game which appears on the NRICH site. It contains a simple lemma about labelling a grid of equilateral triangles within a triangular frame.
An inequality involving integrals of squares of functions.
This is an interactivity in which you have to sort the steps in the completion of the square into the correct order to prove the formula for the solutions of quadratic equations.
Show that x = 1 is a solution of the equation x^(3/2) - 8x^(-3/2) = 7 and find all other solutions.
This is the second of two articles and discusses problems relating to the curvature of space, shortest distances on surfaces, triangulations of surfaces and representation by graphs.
With n people anywhere in a field each shoots a water pistol at the nearest person. In general who gets wet? What difference does it make if n is odd or even?
Start with any whole number N, write N as a multiple of 10 plus a remainder R and produce a new whole number N'. Repeat. What happens?
Professor Korner has generously supported school mathematics for more than 30 years and has been a good friend to NRICH since it started.
Take a number, add its digits then multiply the digits together, then multiply these two results. If you get the same number it is an SP number.
We continue the discussion given in Euclid's Algorithm I, and here we shall discover when an equation of the form ax+by=c has no solutions, and when it has infinitely many solutions.
Peter Zimmerman, a Year 13 student at Mill Hill County High School in Barnet, London wrote this account of modulus arithmetic.
Tom writes about expressing numbers as the sums of three squares.
Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?
By considering powers of (1+x), show that the sum of the squares of the binomial coefficients from 0 to n is 2nCn
The picture illustrates the sum 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = (4 x 5)/2. Prove the general formula for the sum of the first n natural numbers and the formula for the sum of the cubes of the first n natural. . . .
In this 7-sandwich: 7 1 3 1 6 4 3 5 7 2 4 6 2 5 there are 7 numbers between the 7s, 6 between the 6s etc. The article shows which values of n can make n-sandwiches and which cannot.
Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .
Here the diagram says it all. Can you find the diagram?
What can you say about the lengths of the sides of a quadrilateral whose vertices are on a unit circle?
If you think that mathematical proof is really clearcut and universal then you should read this article.
An article which gives an account of some properties of magic squares.
Can you find the areas of the trapezia in this sequence?
A polite number can be written as the sum of two or more consecutive positive integers. Find the consecutive sums giving the polite numbers 544 and 424. What characterizes impolite numbers?
Can you explain why a sequence of operations always gives you perfect squares?
Draw some quadrilaterals on a 9-point circle and work out the angles. Is there a theorem?
This problem is a sequence of linked mini-challenges leading up to the proof of a difficult final challenge, encouraging you to think mathematically. Starting with one of the mini-challenges, how. . . .
Explore a number pattern which has the same symmetries in different bases.
Prove that in every tetrahedron there is a vertex such that the three edges meeting there have lengths which could be the sides of a triangle.
Prove that you cannot form a Magic W with a total of 12 or less or with a with a total of 18 or more.
L triominoes can fit together to make larger versions of themselves. Is every size possible to make in this way?
If I tell you two sides of a right-angled triangle, you can easily work out the third. But what if the angle between the two sides is not a right angle?
Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.
Find all real solutions of the equation (x^2-7x+11)^(x^2-11x+30) = 1.
Given that a, b and c are natural numbers show that if sqrt a+sqrt b is rational then it is a natural number. Extend this to 3 variables.
This article invites you to get familiar with a strategic game called "sprouts". The game is simple enough for younger children to understand, and has also provided experienced mathematicians with. . . .
Which of these roads will satisfy a Munchkin builder?