By considering powers of (1+x), show that the sum of the squares of the binomial coefficients from 0 to n is 2nCn

The final of five articles which containe the proof of why the sequence introduced in article IV either reaches the fixed point 0 or the sequence enters a repeating cycle of four values.

Start with any whole number N, write N as a multiple of 10 plus a remainder R and produce a new whole number N'. Repeat. What happens?

In this third of five articles we prove that whatever whole number we start with for the Happy Number sequence we will always end up with some set of numbers being repeated over and over again.

Professor Korner has generously supported school mathematics for more than 30 years and has been a good friend to NRICH since it started.

This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.

Take a number, add its digits then multiply the digits together, then multiply these two results. If you get the same number it is an SP number.

An article which gives an account of some properties of magic squares.

This article extends the discussions in "Whole number dynamics I". Continuing the proof that, for all starting points, the Happy Number sequence goes into a loop or homes in on a fixed point.

If you think that mathematical proof is really clearcut and universal then you should read this article.

Can you find the areas of the trapezia in this sequence?

This is an interactivity in which you have to sort the steps in the completion of the square into the correct order to prove the formula for the solutions of quadratic equations.

Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?

What can you say about the lengths of the sides of a quadrilateral whose vertices are on a unit circle?

We continue the discussion given in Euclid's Algorithm I, and here we shall discover when an equation of the form ax+by=c has no solutions, and when it has infinitely many solutions.

Find all positive integers a and b for which the two equations: x^2-ax+b = 0 and x^2-bx+a = 0 both have positive integer solutions.

Show that x = 1 is a solution of the equation x^(3/2) - 8x^(-3/2) = 7 and find all other solutions.

When if ever do you get the right answer if you add two fractions by adding the numerators and adding the denominators?

L triominoes can fit together to make larger versions of themselves. Is every size possible to make in this way?

Draw some quadrilaterals on a 9-point circle and work out the angles. Is there a theorem?

This problem is a sequence of linked mini-challenges leading up to the proof of a difficult final challenge, encouraging you to think mathematically. Starting with one of the mini-challenges, how. . . .

Have a go at being mathematically negative, by negating these statements.

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

By proving these particular identities, prove the existence of general cases.

If I tell you two sides of a right-angled triangle, you can easily work out the third. But what if the angle between the two sides is not a right angle?

Can you work through these direct proofs, using our interactive proof sorters?

With n people anywhere in a field each shoots a water pistol at the nearest person. In general who gets wet? What difference does it make if n is odd or even?

Prove that, given any three parallel lines, an equilateral triangle always exists with one vertex on each of the three lines.

Imagine two identical cylindrical pipes meeting at right angles and think about the shape of the space which belongs to both pipes. Early Chinese mathematicians call this shape the mouhefanggai.

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Sort these mathematical propositions into a series of 8 correct statements.

Can you rearrange the cards to make a series of correct mathematical statements?

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

A serious but easily readable discussion of proof in mathematics with some amusing stories and some interesting examples.

Find all real solutions of the equation (x^2-7x+11)^(x^2-11x+30) = 1.

An article about the strategy for playing The Triangle Game which appears on the NRICH site. It contains a simple lemma about labelling a grid of equilateral triangles within a triangular frame.

Four identical right angled triangles are drawn on the sides of a square. Two face out, two face in. Why do the four vertices marked with dots lie on one line?

There are 12 identical looking coins, one of which is a fake. The counterfeit coin is of a different weight to the rest. What is the minimum number of weighings needed to locate the fake coin?

A connected graph is a graph in which we can get from any vertex to any other by travelling along the edges. A tree is a connected graph with no closed circuits (or loops. Prove that every tree has. . . .

Can you explain why a sequence of operations always gives you perfect squares?

Show that for natural numbers x and y if x/y > 1 then x/y>(x+1)/(y+1}>1. Hence prove that the product for i=1 to n of [(2i)/(2i-1)] tends to infinity as n tends to infinity.

An inequality involving integrals of squares of functions.