Can you make sense of the three methods to work out the area of the kite in the square?

Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?

Given that u>0 and v>0 find the smallest possible value of 1/u + 1/v given that u + v = 5 by different methods.

A picture is made by joining five small quadrilaterals together to make a large quadrilateral. Is it possible to draw a similar picture if all the small quadrilaterals are cyclic?

Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.

As a quadrilateral Q is deformed (keeping the edge lengths constnt) the diagonals and the angle X between them change. Prove that the area of Q is proportional to tanX.

The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF. Similarly the largest. . . .

If x + y = -1 find the largest value of xy by coordinate geometry, by calculus and by algebra.

What can you say about the lengths of the sides of a quadrilateral whose vertices are on a unit circle?

Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

A point moves around inside a rectangle. What are the least and the greatest values of the sum of the squares of the distances from the vertices?

It is obvious that we can fit four circles of diameter 1 unit in a square of side 2 without overlapping. What is the smallest square into which we can fit 3 circles of diameter 1 unit?

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.

ABCD is a square. P is the midpoint of AB and is joined to C. A line from D perpendicular to PC meets the line at the point Q. Prove AQ = AD.

Investigate the number of points with integer coordinates on circles with centres at the origin for which the square of the radius is a power of 5.

Four identical right angled triangles are drawn on the sides of a square. Two face out, two face in. Why do the four vertices marked with dots lie on one line?

Can you find the areas of the trapezia in this sequence?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

An equilateral triangle is constructed on BC. A line QD is drawn, where Q is the midpoint of AC. Prove that AB // QD.

Find the missing angle between the two secants to the circle when the two angles at the centre subtended by the arcs created by the intersections of the secants and the circle are 50 and 120 degrees.

The diagram shows a regular pentagon with sides of unit length. Find all the angles in the diagram. Prove that the quadrilateral shown in red is a rhombus.

The diagonal of a square intersects the line joining one of the unused corners to the midpoint of the opposite side. What do you notice about the line segments produced?

Keep constructing triangles in the incircle of the previous triangle. What happens?

A circle has centre O and angle POR = angle QOR. Construct tangents at P and Q meeting at T. Draw a circle with diameter OT. Do P and Q lie inside, or on, or outside this circle?

This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.

Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.

What fractions can you divide the diagonal of a square into by simple folding?

Construct two equilateral triangles on a straight line. There are two lengths that look the same - can you prove it?

This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.

Draw some quadrilaterals on a 9-point circle and work out the angles. Is there a theorem?

Given a set of points (x,y) with distinct x values, find a polynomial that goes through all of them, then prove some results about the existence and uniqueness of these polynomials.

It is impossible to trisect an angle using only ruler and compasses but it can be done using a carpenter's square.

Do you have enough information to work out the area of the shaded quadrilateral?

If I tell you two sides of a right-angled triangle, you can easily work out the third. But what if the angle between the two sides is not a right angle?

The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!

There are 12 identical looking coins, one of which is a fake. The counterfeit coin is of a different weight to the rest. What is the minimum number of weighings needed to locate the fake coin?

An equilateral triangle is sitting on top of a square. What is the radius of the circle that circumscribes this shape?

A composite number is one that is neither prime nor 1. Show that 10201 is composite in any base.

Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and. . . .

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

Kyle and his teacher disagree about his test score - who is right?

Imagine two identical cylindrical pipes meeting at right angles and think about the shape of the space which belongs to both pipes. Early Chinese mathematicians call this shape the mouhefanggai.

Professor Korner has generously supported school mathematics for more than 30 years and has been a good friend to NRICH since it started.

Peter Zimmerman, a Year 13 student at Mill Hill County High School in Barnet, London wrote this account of modulus arithmetic.

This follows up the 'magic Squares for Special Occasions' article which tells you you to create a 4by4 magicsquare with a special date on the top line using no negative numbers and no repeats.

An account of methods for finding whether or not a number can be written as the sum of two or more squares or as the sum of two or more cubes.

Here is a proof of Euler's formula in the plane and on a sphere together with projects to explore cases of the formula for a polygon with holes, for the torus and other solids with holes and the. . . .

Some diagrammatic 'proofs' of algebraic identities and inequalities.