Make and prove a conjecture about the value of the product of the Fibonacci numbers $F_{n+1}F_{n-1}$.

Investigate the number of points with integer coordinates on circles with centres at the origin for which the square of the radius is a power of 5.

Find a connection between the shape of a special ellipse and an infinite string of nested square roots.

An iterative method for finding the value of the Golden Ratio with explanations of how this involves the ratios of Fibonacci numbers and continued fractions.

Four identical right angled triangles are drawn on the sides of a square. Two face out, two face in. Why do the four vertices marked with dots lie on one line?

The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF. Similarly the largest. . . .

Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.

The diagram shows a regular pentagon with sides of unit length. Find all the angles in the diagram. Prove that the quadrilateral shown in red is a rhombus.

Given that a, b and c are natural numbers show that if sqrt a+sqrt b is rational then it is a natural number. Extend this to 3 variables.

Professor Korner has generously supported school mathematics for more than 30 years and has been a good friend to NRICH since it started.

The final of five articles which containe the proof of why the sequence introduced in article IV either reaches the fixed point 0 or the sequence enters a repeating cycle of four values.

In this third of five articles we prove that whatever whole number we start with for the Happy Number sequence we will always end up with some set of numbers being repeated over and over again.

This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.

An article which gives an account of some properties of magic squares.

In this article we show that every whole number can be written as a continued fraction of the form k/(1+k/(1+k/...)).

An account of methods for finding whether or not a number can be written as the sum of two or more squares or as the sum of two or more cubes.

Take a number, add its digits then multiply the digits together, then multiply these two results. If you get the same number it is an SP number.

This article extends the discussions in "Whole number dynamics I". Continuing the proof that, for all starting points, the Happy Number sequence goes into a loop or homes in on a fixed point.

The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!

Show that x = 1 is a solution of the equation x^(3/2) - 8x^(-3/2) = 7 and find all other solutions.

Can you make sense of the three methods to work out the area of the kite in the square?

Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?

Prove that if a is a natural number and the square root of a is rational, then it is a square number (an integer n^2 for some integer n.)

A polite number can be written as the sum of two or more consecutive positive integers. Find the consecutive sums giving the polite numbers 544 and 424. What characterizes impolite numbers?

Find all positive integers a and b for which the two equations: x^2-ax+b = 0 and x^2-bx+a = 0 both have positive integer solutions.

Imagine two identical cylindrical pipes meeting at right angles and think about the shape of the space which belongs to both pipes. Early Chinese mathematicians call this shape the mouhefanggai.

A point moves around inside a rectangle. What are the least and the greatest values of the sum of the squares of the distances from the vertices?

A blue coin rolls round two yellow coins which touch. The coins are the same size. How many revolutions does the blue coin make when it rolls all the way round the yellow coins? Investigate for a. . . .

This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

This problem is a sequence of linked mini-challenges leading up to the proof of a difficult final challenge, encouraging you to think mathematically. Starting with one of the mini-challenges, how. . . .

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Eulerian and Hamiltonian circuits are defined with some simple examples and a couple of puzzles to illustrate Hamiltonian circuits.

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

Can you rearrange the cards to make a series of correct mathematical statements?

Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?

Can you work through these direct proofs, using our interactive proof sorters?

Sort these mathematical propositions into a series of 8 correct statements.

L triominoes can fit together to make larger versions of themselves. Is every size possible to make in this way?

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

What happens to the perimeter of triangle ABC as the two smaller circles change size and roll around inside the bigger circle?

Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.

It is obvious that we can fit four circles of diameter 1 unit in a square of side 2 without overlapping. What is the smallest square into which we can fit 3 circles of diameter 1 unit?

Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?