Eight children enter the autumn cross-country race at school. How many possible ways could they come in at first, second and third places?

A composite number is one that is neither prime nor 1. Show that 10201 is composite in any base.

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

Here are three 'tricks' to amaze your friends. But the really clever trick is explaining to them why these 'tricks' are maths not magic. Like all good magicians, you should practice by trying. . . .

Choose any three by three square of dates on a calendar page...

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.

In how many ways can you arrange three dice side by side on a surface so that the sum of the numbers on each of the four faces (top, bottom, front and back) is equal?

Blue Flibbins are so jealous of their red partners that they will not leave them on their own with any other bue Flibbin. What is the quickest way of getting the five pairs of Flibbins safely to. . . .

In how many distinct ways can six islands be joined by bridges so that each island can be reached from every other island...

Carry out cyclic permutations of nine digit numbers containing the digits from 1 to 9 (until you get back to the first number). Prove that whatever number you choose, they will add to the same total.

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.

Take any whole number between 1 and 999, add the squares of the digits to get a new number. Make some conjectures about what happens in general.

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

How many noughts are at the end of these giant numbers?

Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

Four jewellers share their stock. Can you work out the relative values of their gems?

If a two digit number has its digits reversed and the smaller of the two numbers is subtracted from the larger, prove the difference can never be prime.

Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

There are 12 identical looking coins, one of which is a fake. The counterfeit coin is of a different weight to the rest. What is the minimum number of weighings needed to locate the fake coin?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

Imagine two identical cylindrical pipes meeting at right angles and think about the shape of the space which belongs to both pipes. Early Chinese mathematicians call this shape the mouhefanggai.

Kyle and his teacher disagree about his test score - who is right?

Some diagrammatic 'proofs' of algebraic identities and inequalities.

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

ABCD is a square. P is the midpoint of AB and is joined to C. A line from D perpendicular to PC meets the line at the point Q. Prove AQ = AD.

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

A paradox is a statement that seems to be both untrue and true at the same time. This article looks at a few examples and challenges you to investigate them for yourself.

Draw some quadrilaterals on a 9-point circle and work out the angles. Is there a theorem?

Can you cross each of the seven bridges that join the north and south of the river to the two islands, once and once only, without retracing your steps?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

L triominoes can fit together to make larger versions of themselves. Is every size possible to make in this way?

Explore what happens when you draw graphs of quadratic equations with coefficients based on a geometric sequence.

Toni Beardon has chosen this article introducing a rich area for practical exploration and discovery in 3D geometry

Construct two equilateral triangles on a straight line. There are two lengths that look the same - can you prove it?

In this third of five articles we prove that whatever whole number we start with for the Happy Number sequence we will always end up with some set of numbers being repeated over and over again.

Can you make sense of the three methods to work out the area of the kite in the square?

This article looks at knight's moves on a chess board and introduces you to the idea of vectors and vector addition.

This article extends the discussions in "Whole number dynamics I". Continuing the proof that, for all starting points, the Happy Number sequence goes into a loop or homes in on a fixed point.

The first of five articles concentrating on whole number dynamics, ideas of general dynamical systems are introduced and seen in concrete cases.

What is the largest number of intersection points that a triangle and a quadrilateral can have?

When is it impossible to make number sandwiches?