In the following sum the letters A, B, C, D, E and F stand for six distinct digits. Find all the ways of replacing the letters with digits so that the arithmetic is correct.

Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?

This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.

Choose any three by three square of dates on a calendar page...

The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .

Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh power.

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

Start with any whole number N, write N as a multiple of 10 plus a remainder R and produce a new whole number N'. Repeat. What happens?

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?

The country Sixtania prints postage stamps with only three values 6 lucres, 10 lucres and 15 lucres (where the currency is in lucres).Which values cannot be made up with combinations of these postage. . . .

Prove that if the integer n is divisible by 4 then it can be written as the difference of two squares.

If a two digit number has its digits reversed and the smaller of the two numbers is subtracted from the larger, prove the difference can never be prime.

The first of five articles concentrating on whole number dynamics, ideas of general dynamical systems are introduced and seen in concrete cases.

Carry out cyclic permutations of nine digit numbers containing the digits from 1 to 9 (until you get back to the first number). Prove that whatever number you choose, they will add to the same total.

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

Consider the equation 1/a + 1/b + 1/c = 1 where a, b and c are natural numbers and 0 < a < b < c. Prove that there is only one set of values which satisfy this equation.

Can you explain why a sequence of operations always gives you perfect squares?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

Euler found four whole numbers such that the sum of any two of the numbers is a perfect square...

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

After some matches were played, most of the information in the table containing the results of the games was accidentally deleted. What was the score in each match played?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!

What can you say about the angles on opposite vertices of any cyclic quadrilateral? Working on the building blocks will give you insights that may help you to explain what is special about them.

What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

The final of five articles which containe the proof of why the sequence introduced in article IV either reaches the fixed point 0 or the sequence enters a repeating cycle of four values.

This article looks at knight's moves on a chess board and introduces you to the idea of vectors and vector addition.

In this third of five articles we prove that whatever whole number we start with for the Happy Number sequence we will always end up with some set of numbers being repeated over and over again.

It is impossible to trisect an angle using only ruler and compasses but it can be done using a carpenter's square.

This article extends the discussions in "Whole number dynamics I". Continuing the proof that, for all starting points, the Happy Number sequence goes into a loop or homes in on a fixed point.

Explore what happens when you draw graphs of quadratic equations with coefficients based on a geometric sequence.

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

Can you fit Ls together to make larger versions of themselves?

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.

I am exactly n times my daughter's age. In m years I shall be ... How old am I?

Explore the continued fraction: 2+3/(2+3/(2+3/2+...)) What do you notice when successive terms are taken? What happens to the terms if the fraction goes on indefinitely?

Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?

What can you say about the lengths of the sides of a quadrilateral whose vertices are on a unit circle?

Find the largest integer which divides every member of the following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.

If you know the sizes of the angles marked with coloured dots in this diagram which angles can you find by calculation?