Can you show that 1^99 + 2^99 + 3^99 + 4^99 + 5^99 is divisible by
Amazing as it may seem the three fives remaining in the following
`skeleton' are sufficient to reconstruct the entire long division
We are used to writing numbers in base ten, using 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9. Eg. 75 means 7 tens and five units. This article explains how numbers can be written in any number base.
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of
problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made
it gives access to many similar ideas.
Think of any three-digit number. Repeat the digits. The 6-digit
number that you end up with is divisible by 91. Is this a
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of
the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What
properties do your answers always have?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this
grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the
number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
Number problems at primary level to work on with others.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
This article for the young and old talks about the origins of our number system and the important role zero has to play in it.
When asked how old she was, the teacher replied: My age in years is
not prime but odd and when reversed and added to my age you have a
Choose two digits and arrange them to make two double-digit
numbers. Now add your double-digit numbers. Now add your single
digit numbers. Divide your double-digit answer by your single-digit
answer. . . .
A church hymn book contains 700 hymns. The numbers of the hymns are
displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is
the minimum number of small boards that is needed?
Using balancing scales what is the least number of weights needed
to weigh all integer masses from 1 to 1000? Placing some of the
weights in the same pan as the object how many are needed?
Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts
4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you
explain your findings?
Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their
Four strategy dice games to consolidate pupils' understanding of rounding.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Who said that adding couldn't be fun?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
What is the sum of all the digits in all the integers from one to
Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit
numbers such that their total is close to 1500?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
The number 3723(in base 10) is written as 123 in another base. What
is that base?
Take the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 and imagine them written down in
every possible order to give 5 digit numbers. Find the sum of the
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other
numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
Follow the clues to find the mystery number.
When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the
answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is
represented by an "x" .
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
There are two forms of counting on Vuvv - Zios count in base 3 and
Zepts count in base 7. One day four of these creatures, two Zios
and two Zepts, sat on the summit of a hill to count the legs of. . . .
Investigate the different ways these aliens count in this
challenge. You could start by thinking about how each of them would
write our number 7.
How many positive integers less than or equal to 4000 can be
written down without using the digits 7, 8 or 9?
Carry out cyclic permutations of nine digit numbers containing the
digits from 1 to 9 (until you get back to the first number). Prove
that whatever number you choose, they will add to the same total.
Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?
Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down
all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur
most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .
This is a game in which your counters move in a spiral round the snail's shell. It is about understanding tens and units.
You have two sets of the digits 0 – 9. Can you arrange these in the five boxes to make four-digit numbers as close to the target numbers as possible?
Exploring the structure of a number square: how quickly can you put the number tiles in the right place on the grid?
Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?