Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Think of any three-digit number. Repeat the digits. The 6-digit
number that you end up with is divisible by 91. Is this a
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this
grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the
number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
Amazing as it may seem the three fives remaining in the following
`skeleton' are sufficient to reconstruct the entire long division
Can you show that 1^99 + 2^99 + 3^99 + 4^99 + 5^99 is divisible by
Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of
the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What
properties do your answers always have?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of
problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made
it gives access to many similar ideas.
This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
Number problems at primary level to work on with others.
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
We are used to writing numbers in base ten, using 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9. Eg. 75 means 7 tens and five units. This article explains how numbers can be written in any number base.
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.
When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the
answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is
represented by an "x" .
Choose two digits and arrange them to make two double-digit
numbers. Now add your double-digit numbers. Now add your single
digit numbers. Divide your double-digit answer by your single-digit
answer. . . .
Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
What is the sum of all the digits in all the integers from one to
What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?
Each child in Class 3 took four numbers out of the bag. Who had
made the highest even number?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts
4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you
explain your findings?
Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their
Think of a two digit number, reverse the digits, and add the numbers together. Something special happens...
A church hymn book contains 700 hymns. The numbers of the hymns are
displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is
the minimum number of small boards that is needed?
Who said that adding couldn't be fun?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Using balancing scales what is the least number of weights needed
to weigh all integer masses from 1 to 1000? Placing some of the
weights in the same pan as the object how many are needed?
A car's milometer reads 4631 miles and the trip meter has 173.3 on
it. How many more miles must the car travel before the two numbers
contain the same digits in the same order?
Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit
numbers such that their total is close to 1500?
The number 27 is special because it is three times the sum of its digits 27 = 3 (2 + 7). Find some two digit numbers that are SEVEN times the sum of their digits (seven-up numbers)?
Can you create a Latin Square from multiples of a six digit number?
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other
numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down
all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur
most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .
32 x 38 = 30 x 40 + 2 x 8; 34 x 36 = 30 x 40 + 4 x 6; 56 x 54 = 50
x 60 + 6 x 4; 73 x 77 = 70 x 80 + 3 x 7 Verify and generalise if
The number 3723(in base 10) is written as 123 in another base. What
is that base?
Take the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 and imagine them written down in
every possible order to give 5 digit numbers. Find the sum of the
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten.
Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
When asked how old she was, the teacher replied: My age in years is
not prime but odd and when reversed and added to my age you have a
Carry out cyclic permutations of nine digit numbers containing the
digits from 1 to 9 (until you get back to the first number). Prove
that whatever number you choose, they will add to the same total.
How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?