When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the
answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is
represented by an "x" .
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this
grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the
number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit
numbers such that their total is close to 1500?
When asked how old she was, the teacher replied: My age in years is
not prime but odd and when reversed and added to my age you have a
Consider all of the five digit numbers which we can form using only
the digits 2, 4, 6 and 8. If these numbers are arranged in
ascending order, what is the 512th number?
How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?
Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?
Choose two digits and arrange them to make two double-digit
numbers. Now add your double-digit numbers. Now add your single
digit numbers. Divide your double-digit answer by your single-digit
answer. . . .
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
This is a game in which your counters move in a spiral round the snail's shell. It is about understanding tens and units.
Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts
4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you
explain your findings?
Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
The number 3723(in base 10) is written as 123 in another base. What
is that base?
What is the sum of all the digits in all the integers from one to
Can you create a Latin Square from multiples of a six digit number?
How many positive integers less than or equal to 4000 can be
written down without using the digits 7, 8 or 9?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of
the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What
properties do your answers always have?
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Amazing as it may seem the three fives remaining in the following
`skeleton' are sufficient to reconstruct the entire long division
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Each child in Class 3 took four numbers out of the bag. Who had
made the highest even number?
Think of any three-digit number. Repeat the digits. The 6-digit
number that you end up with is divisible by 91. Is this a
Number problems at primary level to work on with others.
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Four strategy dice games to consolidate pupils' understanding of rounding.
This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Take the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 and imagine them written down in
every possible order to give 5 digit numbers. Find the sum of the
There are six numbers written in five different scripts. Can you sort out which is which?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
The number 27 is special because it is three times the sum of its digits 27 = 3 (2 + 7). Find some two digit numbers that are SEVEN times the sum of their digits (seven-up numbers)?
Can you show that 1^99 + 2^99 + 3^99 + 4^99 + 5^99 is divisible by
Carry out cyclic permutations of nine digit numbers containing the
digits from 1 to 9 (until you get back to the first number). Prove
that whatever number you choose, they will add to the same total.
There are two forms of counting on Vuvv - Zios count in base 3 and
Zepts count in base 7. One day four of these creatures, two Zios
and two Zepts, sat on the summit of a hill to count the legs of. . . .
Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down
all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur
most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .
A school song book contains 700 songs. The numbers of the songs are displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is the minimum number of small boards that is needed?
Exploring the structure of a number square: how quickly can you put the number tiles in the right place on the grid?
A church hymn book contains 700 hymns. The numbers of the hymns are
displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is
the minimum number of small boards that is needed?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Who said that adding couldn't be fun?
This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once.
Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only
Number problems for inquiring primary learners.
This article, written for teachers, looks at the different kinds of
recordings encountered in Primary Mathematics lessons and the
importance of not jumping to conclusions!
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
You have two sets of the digits 0 – 9. Can you arrange these in the five boxes to make four-digit numbers as close to the target numbers as possible?