What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is odd.
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Follow the clues to find the mystery number.
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?
Number problems at primary level to work on with others.
This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?
Replace each letter with a digit to make this addition correct.
Who said that adding couldn't be fun?
In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?
Investigate the different ways these aliens count in this challenge. You could start by thinking about how each of them would write our number 7.
This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.
Each child in Class 3 took four numbers out of the bag. Who had made the highest even number?
This article, written for teachers, looks at the different kinds of recordings encountered in Primary Mathematics lessons and the importance of not jumping to conclusions!
A school song book contains 700 songs. The numbers of the songs are displayed by combining special small single-digit cards. What is the minimum number of small cards that is needed?
The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.
Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
Try out some calculations. Are you surprised by the results?
There are six numbers written in five different scripts. Can you sort out which is which?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Using balancing scales what is the least number of weights needed to weigh all integer masses from 1 to 1000? Placing some of the weights in the same pan as the object how many are needed?
How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?
Number problems for inquiring primary learners.
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the end and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. Did you get a multiple of 11?
How many positive integers less than or equal to 4000 can be written down without using the digits 7, 8 or 9?
What is the sum of all the digits in all the integers from one to one million?
Consider all of the five digit numbers which we can form using only the digits 2, 4, 6 and 8. If these numbers are arranged in ascending order, what is the 512th number?
Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .
A game to be played against the computer, or in groups. Pick a 7-digit number. A random digit is generated. What must you subract to remove the digit from your number? the first to zero wins.
Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.
32 x 38 = 30 x 40 + 2 x 8; 34 x 36 = 30 x 40 + 4 x 6; 56 x 54 = 50 x 60 + 6 x 4; 73 x 77 = 70 x 80 + 3 x 7 Verify and generalise if possible.
Can you show that 1^99 + 2^99 + 3^99 + 4^99 + 5^99 is divisible by 5?