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Broad Topics > Numbers and the Number System > Place value

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Dicey Addition

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Who said that adding couldn't be fun?

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Subtraction Surprise

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

Try out some calculations. Are you surprised by the results?

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Multiply Multiples 3

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

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Round the Dice Decimals 1

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

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Round the Dice Decimals 2

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

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Multiply Multiples 2

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

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Multiply Multiples 1

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

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Two Spinners

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

What two-digit numbers can you make with these two dice? What can't you make?

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Light the Lights

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Investigate which numbers make these lights come on. What is the smallest number you can find that lights up all the lights?

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Our Numbers

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

These spinners will give you the tens and unit digits of a number. Can you choose sets of numbers to collect so that you spin six numbers belonging to your sets in as few spins as possible?

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Exploring Simple Mappings

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their graphs.

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Coded Hundred Square

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?

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Power Mad!

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

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What Do You Need?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

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Method in Multiplying Madness?

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

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Diagonal Sums

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?

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How Many Miles to Go?

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

How many more miles must the car travel before the numbers on the milometer and the trip meter contain the same digits in the same order?

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What an Odd Fact(or)

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Can you show that 1^99 + 2^99 + 3^99 + 4^99 + 5^99 is divisible by 5?

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Trebling

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

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Sixty-seven Squared

Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

Evaluate these powers of 67. What do you notice? Can you convince someone what the answer would be to (a million sixes followed by a 7) squared?

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Six Times Five

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?

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Which Is Quicker?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

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Reach 100

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

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All the Digits

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

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Number Rules - OK

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

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Two and Two

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

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Which Scripts?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

There are six numbers written in five different scripts. Can you sort out which is which?

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Plus Minus

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

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Legs Eleven

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the end and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. Did you get a multiple of 11?

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Big Powers

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

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2-digit Square

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

A 2-Digit number is squared. When this 2-digit number is reversed and squared, the difference between the squares is also a square. What is the 2-digit number?

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Writing Digits

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Lee was writing all the counting numbers from 1 to 20. She stopped for a rest after writing seventeen digits. What was the last number she wrote?

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Song Book

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

A school song book contains 700 songs. The numbers of the songs are displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is the minimum number of small boards that is needed?

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Being Resilient - Primary Number

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

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Being Resourceful - Primary Number

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

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Being Collaborative - Primary Number

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

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Being Curious - Primary Number

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Number problems for inquiring primary learners.

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Round the Three Dice

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

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Dicey Operations for Two

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Dicey Operations for an adult and child. Can you get close to 1000 than your partner?

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Nice or Nasty for Two

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.

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Clickety Click

Age 16 to 18 Short Challenge Level:

What is the sum of: 6 + 66 + 666 + 6666 ............+ 666666666...6 where there are n sixes in the last term?

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Always a Multiple?

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Think of a two digit number, reverse the digits, and add the numbers together. Something special happens...

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Becky's Number Plumber

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

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Balance Power

Age 11 to 18 Challenge Level:

Using balancing scales what is the least number of weights needed to weigh all integer masses from 1 to 1000? Placing some of the weights in the same pan as the object how many are needed?

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One of Thirty-six

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Can you find the chosen number from the grid using the clues?

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Alien Counting

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Investigate the different ways these aliens count in this challenge. You could start by thinking about how each of them would write our number 7.

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A Story about Absolutely Nothing

Age 7 to 18

This article for the young and old talks about the origins of our number system and the important role zero has to play in it.

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Pupils' Recording or Pupils Recording

Age 5 to 14

This article, written for teachers, looks at the different kinds of recordings encountered in Primary Mathematics lessons and the importance of not jumping to conclusions!

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One Million to Seven

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

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The Thousands Game

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Each child in Class 3 took four numbers out of the bag. Who had made the highest even number?