A tower of squares is built inside a right angled isosceles triangle. The largest square stands on the hypotenuse. What fraction of the area of the triangle is covered by the series of squares?

Three circles have a maximum of six intersections with each other. What is the maximum number of intersections that a hundred circles could have?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Show that 8778, 10296 and 13530 are three triangular numbers and that they form a Pythagorean triple.

Take any two positive numbers. Calculate the arithmetic and geometric means. Repeat the calculations to generate a sequence of arithmetic means and geometric means. Make a note of what happens to the. . . .

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

Choose a couple of the sequences. Try to picture how to make the next, and the next, and the next... Can you describe your reasoning?

Make some loops out of regular hexagons. What rules can you discover?

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

What is the total area of the first two triangles as a fraction of the original A4 rectangle? What is the total area of the first three triangles as a fraction of the original A4 rectangle? If. . . .

Choose any 4 whole numbers and take the difference between consecutive numbers, ending with the difference between the first and the last numbers. What happens when you repeat this process over and. . . .

Square numbers can be represented on the seven-clock (representing these numbers modulo 7). This works like the days of the week.

Alison, Bernard and Charlie have been exploring sequences of odd and even numbers, which raise some intriguing questions...

Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

Watch these videos to see how Phoebe, Alice and Luke chose to draw 7 squares. How would they draw 100?

What's the greatest number of sides a polygon on a dotty grid could have?

What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums? 1/2 + 2/1 = 2/3 + 3/2 = 3/4 + 4/3 =

Take any whole number between 1 and 999, add the squares of the digits to get a new number. Make some conjectures about what happens in general.

Can you show that 1^99 + 2^99 + 3^99 + 4^99 + 5^99 is divisible by 5?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

There are lots of ideas to explore in these sequences of ordered fractions.

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

"Tell me the next two numbers in each of these seven minor spells", chanted the Mathemagician, "And the great spell will crumble away!" Can you help Anna and David break the spell?

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

How many different ways can I lay 10 paving slabs, each 2 foot by 1 foot, to make a path 2 foot wide and 10 foot long from my back door into my garden, without cutting any of the paving slabs?

Investigate the successive areas of light blue in these diagrams.

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

In this activity, the computer chooses a times table and shifts it. Can you work out the table and the shift each time?

If I use 12 green tiles to represent my lawn, how many different ways could I arrange them? How many border tiles would I need each time?

Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?

I've made some cubes and some cubes with holes in. This challenge invites you to explore the difference in the number of small cubes I've used. Can you see any patterns?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

Sissa cleverly asked the King for a reward that sounded quite modest but turned out to be rather large...

What are the next three numbers in this sequence? Can you explain why are they called pyramid numbers?

Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.

Let's suppose that you are going to have a magazine which has 16 pages of A5 size. Can you find some different ways to make these pages? Investigate the pattern for each if you number the pages.

Explore this how this program produces the sequences it does. What are you controlling when you change the values of the variables?

There are ten children in Becky's group. Can you find a set of numbers for each of them? Are there any other sets?

A introduction to how patterns can be deceiving, and what is and is not a proof.

How many different sets of numbers with at least four members can you find in the numbers in this box?

In this section from a calendar, put a square box around the 1st, 2nd, 8th and 9th. Add all the pairs of numbers. What do you notice about the answers?

An environment which simulates working with Cuisenaire rods.

Make new patterns from simple turning instructions. You can have a go using pencil and paper or with a floor robot.