We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle now. . . .

Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The winner is the player to take the last counter.

Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which bell to ring?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Slide the pieces to move Khun Phaen past all the guards into the position on the right from which he can escape to freedom.

The opposite vertices of a square have coordinates (a,b) and (c,d). What are the coordinates of the other vertices?

A game for 2 players that can be played online. Players take it in turns to select a word from the 9 words given. The aim is to select all the occurrences of the same letter.

To avoid losing think of another very well known game where the patterns of play are similar.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

A red square and a blue square overlap so that the corner of the red square rests on the centre of the blue square. Show that, whatever the orientation of the red square, it covers a quarter of the. . . .

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

A game for 2 players. Can be played online. One player has 1 red counter, the other has 4 blue. The red counter needs to reach the other side, and the blue needs to trap the red.

A circle rolls around the outside edge of a square so that its circumference always touches the edge of the square. Can you describe the locus of the centre of the circle?

A tilted square is a square with no horizontal sides. Can you devise a general instruction for the construction of a square when you are given just one of its sides?

A and B are two interlocking cogwheels having p teeth and q teeth respectively. One tooth on B is painted red. Find the values of p and q for which the red tooth on B contacts every gap on the. . . .

How good are you at finding the formula for a number pattern ?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

This problem is about investigating whether it is possible to start at one vertex of a platonic solid and visit every other vertex once only returning to the vertex you started at.

7 balls are shaken in a container. You win if the two blue balls touch. What is the probability of winning?

Semi-regular tessellations combine two or more different regular polygons to fill the plane. Can you find all the semi-regular tessellations?

Six balls of various colours are randomly shaken into a trianglular arrangement. What is the probability of having at least one red in the corner?

A counter is placed in the bottom right hand corner of a grid. You toss a coin and move the star according to the following rules: ... What is the probability that you end up in the top left-hand. . . .

An environment that simulates a protractor carrying a right- angled triangle of unit hypotenuse.

Can you make a right-angled triangle on this peg-board by joining up three points round the edge?

A right-angled isosceles triangle is rotated about the centre point of a square. What can you say about the area of the part of the square covered by the triangle as it rotates?

Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?

Charlie likes tablecloths that use as many colours as possible, but insists that his tablecloths have some symmetry. Can you work out how many colours he needs for different tablecloth designs?

Here is a solitaire type environment for you to experiment with. Which targets can you reach?

Can you beat Piggy in this simple dice game? Can you figure out Piggy's strategy, and is there a better one?

This game challenges you to locate hidden triangles in The White Box by firing rays and observing where the rays exit the Box.

Use Excel to explore multiplication of fractions.

If you continue the pattern, can you predict what each of the following areas will be? Try to explain your prediction.

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Can you put the 25 coloured tiles into the 5 x 5 square so that no column, no row and no diagonal line have tiles of the same colour in them?

Is this a fair game? How many ways are there of creating a fair game by adding odd and even numbers?

Meg and Mo need to hang their marbles so that they balance. Use the interactivity to experiment and find out what they need to do.

Place a red counter in the top left corner of a 4x4 array, which is covered by 14 other smaller counters, leaving a gap in the bottom right hand corner (HOME). What is the smallest number of moves. . . .

There are thirteen axes of rotational symmetry of a unit cube. Describe them all. What is the average length of the parts of the axes of symmetry which lie inside the cube?