When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...
We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering
the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way
that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.
Six balls of various colours are randomly shaken into a trianglular
arrangement. What is the probability of having at least one red in
Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?
What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?
Can you make a right-angled triangle on this peg-board by joining up three points round the edge?
Charlie likes tablecloths that use as many colours as possible, but insists that his tablecloths have some symmetry. Can you work out how many colours he needs for different tablecloth designs?
A game for 2 players that can be played online. Players take it in turns to select a word from the 9 words given. The aim is to select all the occurrences of the same letter.
These formulae are often quoted, but rarely proved. In this article, we derive the formulae for the volumes of a square-based pyramid and a cone, using relatively simple mathematical concepts.
The opposite vertices of a square have coordinates (a,b) and (c,d). What are the coordinates of the other vertices?
Interactive game. Set your own level of challenge, practise your table skills and beat your previous best score.
A tilted square is a square with no horizontal sides. Can you
devise a general instruction for the construction of a square when
you are given just one of its sides?
Semi-regular tessellations combine two or more different regular polygons to fill the plane. Can you find all the semi-regular tessellations?
Can you find all the 4-ball shuffles?
7 balls are shaken in a container. You win if the two blue balls
touch. What is the probability of winning?
Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases
overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of
his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but
what if they were tilted?
Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the
circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are
Show how this pentagonal tile can be used to tile the plane and
describe the transformations which map this pentagon to its images
in the tiling.
A circle rolls around the outside edge of a square so that its circumference always touches the edge of the square. Can you describe the locus of the centre of the circle?
Learn how to use the Shuffles interactivity by running through these tutorial demonstrations.
Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?
What is the relationship between the angle at the centre and the
angles at the circumference, for angles which stand on the same
arc? Can you prove it?
Two engines, at opposite ends of a single track railway line, set
off towards one another just as a fly, sitting on the front of one
of the engines, sets off flying along the railway line...
Can you locate the lost giraffe? Input coordinates to help you
search and find the giraffe in the fewest guesses.
Practise your diamond mining skills and your x,y coordination in this homage to Pacman.
Players take it in turns to choose a dot on the grid. The winner is the first to have four dots that can be joined to form a square.
A and B are two interlocking cogwheels having p teeth and q teeth respectively. One tooth on B is painted red. Find the values of p and q for which the red tooth on B contacts every gap on the. . . .
The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right
hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of
Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players
take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single
pile. The winner is the player to take the last counter.
Slide the pieces to move Khun Phaen past all the guards into the position on the right from which he can escape to freedom.
First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.
Meg and Mo need to hang their marbles so that they balance. Use the
interactivity to experiment and find out what they need to do.
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
A game for 2 players. Can be played online. One player has 1 red
counter, the other has 4 blue. The red counter needs to reach the
other side, and the blue needs to trap the red.
You can move the 4 pieces of the jigsaw and fit them into both
outlines. Explain what has happened to the missing one unit of
A red square and a blue square overlap so that the corner of the red square rests on the centre of the blue square. Show that, whatever the orientation of the red square, it covers a quarter of the. . . .
To avoid losing think of another very well known game where the
patterns of play are similar.
Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the
squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the
button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle
now. . . .
Can you spot the similarities between this game and other games you know? The aim is to choose 3 numbers that total 15.
Is this a fair game? How many ways are there of creating a fair game by adding odd and even numbers?
Carry out some time trials and gather some data to help you decide
on the best training regime for your rowing crew.
Can you discover whether this is a fair game?
Meg and Mo still need to hang their marbles so that they balance,
but this time the constraints are different. Use the interactivity
to experiment and find out what they need to do.
Imagine picking up a bow and some arrows and attempting to hit the
target a few times. Can you work out the settings for the sight
that give you the best chance of gaining a high score?
An animation that helps you understand the game of Nim.
Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do
you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which
bell to ring?