Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

A game for 2 players. Can be played online. One player has 1 red counter, the other has 4 blue. The red counter needs to reach the other side, and the blue needs to trap the red.

Slide the pieces to move Khun Phaen past all the guards into the position on the right from which he can escape to freedom.

A game for 2 players that can be played online. Players take it in turns to select a word from the 9 words given. The aim is to select all the occurrences of the same letter.

Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle now. . . .

These formulae are often quoted, but rarely proved. In this article, we derive the formulae for the volumes of a square-based pyramid and a cone, using relatively simple mathematical concepts.

This problem is about investigating whether it is possible to start at one vertex of a platonic solid and visit every other vertex once only returning to the vertex you started at.

A and B are two interlocking cogwheels having p teeth and q teeth respectively. One tooth on B is painted red. Find the values of p and q for which the red tooth on B contacts every gap on the. . . .

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

You can move the 4 pieces of the jigsaw and fit them into both outlines. Explain what has happened to the missing one unit of area.

Here is a solitaire type environment for you to experiment with. Which targets can you reach?

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which bell to ring?

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Can you make a right-angled triangle on this peg-board by joining up three points round the edge?

A tilted square is a square with no horizontal sides. Can you devise a general instruction for the construction of a square when you are given just one of its sides?

The opposite vertices of a square have coordinates (a,b) and (c,d). What are the coordinates of the other vertices?

A red square and a blue square overlap so that the corner of the red square rests on the centre of the blue square. Show that, whatever the orientation of the red square, it covers a quarter of the. . . .

A circle rolls around the outside edge of a square so that its circumference always touches the edge of the square. Can you describe the locus of the centre of the circle?

To avoid losing think of another very well known game where the patterns of play are similar.

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

There are 27 small cubes in a 3 x 3 x 3 cube, 54 faces being visible at any one time. Is it possible to reorganise these cubes so that by dipping the large cube into a pot of paint three times you. . . .

What is the relationship between the angle at the centre and the angles at the circumference, for angles which stand on the same arc? Can you prove it?

Learn how to use the Shuffles interactivity by running through these tutorial demonstrations.

Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?

Six balls of various colours are randomly shaken into a trianglular arrangement. What is the probability of having at least one red in the corner?

Can you find triangles on a 9-point circle? Can you work out their angles?

Can you spot the similarities between this game and other games you know? The aim is to choose 3 numbers that total 15.

Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Practise your diamond mining skills and your x,y coordination in this homage to Pacman.

Meg and Mo need to hang their marbles so that they balance. Use the interactivity to experiment and find out what they need to do.

Can you put the 25 coloured tiles into the 5 x 5 square so that no column, no row and no diagonal line have tiles of the same colour in them?

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Given the nets of 4 cubes with the faces coloured in 4 colours, build a tower so that on each vertical wall no colour is repeated, that is all 4 colours appear.

P is a point on the circumference of a circle radius r which rolls, without slipping, inside a circle of radius 2r. What is the locus of P?

Mo has left, but Meg is still experimenting. Use the interactivity to help you find out how she can alter her pouch of marbles and still keep the two pouches balanced.

Identical discs are flipped in the air. You win if all of the faces show the same colour. Can you calculate the probability of winning with n discs?

Carry out some time trials and gather some data to help you decide on the best training regime for your rowing crew.

There are thirteen axes of rotational symmetry of a unit cube. Describe them all. What is the average length of the parts of the axes of symmetry which lie inside the cube?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Two circles of equal radius touch at P. One circle is fixed whilst the other moves, rolling without slipping, all the way round. How many times does the moving coin revolve before returning to P?

Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with 3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same total.

Charlie likes tablecloths that use as many colours as possible, but insists that his tablecloths have some symmetry. Can you work out how many colours he needs for different tablecloth designs?