Find the maximum value of 1/p + 1/q + 1/r where this sum is less than 1 and p, q, and r are positive integers.
Robert noticed some interesting patterns when he highlighted square
numbers in a spreadsheet. Can you prove that the patterns will
There are some water lilies in a lake. The area that they cover doubles in size every day. After 17 days the whole lake is covered. How long did it take them to cover half the lake?
Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?
Consider the equation 1/a + 1/b + 1/c = 1 where a, b and c are
natural numbers and 0 < a < b < c. Prove that there is
only one set of values which satisfy this equation.
Problem one was solved by 70% of the pupils. Problem 2 was solved
by 60% of them. Every pupil solved at least one of the problems.
Nine pupils solved both problems. How many pupils took the exam?
When asked how old she was, the teacher replied: My age in years is
not prime but odd and when reversed and added to my age you have a
Can you work out how many of each kind of pencil this student
What is the last digit of the number 1 / 5^903 ?
Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the
divisors is 331776.
Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more
factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture
Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit
numbers such that their total is close to 1500?
Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.
Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed
when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication
were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .
Ranging from kindergarten mathematics to the fringe of research
this informal article paints the big picture of number in a non
technical way suitable for primary teachers and older students.
How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?
What are the last two digits of 2^(2^2003)?
The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?
N people visit their friends staying N kilometres along the coast.
Some walk along the cliff path at N km an hour, the rest go by car.
How long is the road?
Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?
Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.
Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...
The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a
'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the
front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by
Find out about palindromic numbers by reading this article.
Tim Rowland introduces irrational numbers
How many positive integers less than or equal to 4000 can be
written down without using the digits 7, 8 or 9?
Imagine a machine with four coloured lights which respond to different rules. Can you find the smallest possible number which will make all four colours light up?
Sets of integers like 3, 4, 5 are called Pythagorean Triples, because they could be the lengths of the sides of a right-angled triangle. Can you find any more?
Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?
Show that 8778, 10296 and 13530 are three triangular numbers and that they form a Pythagorean triple.
Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four
digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the
digits 1 to 8 once and only once.
This investigation is about happy numbers in the World of the Octopus where all numbers are written in base 8 ... Find all the fixed points and cycles for the happy number sequences in base 8.
A combination mechanism for a safe comprises thirty-two tumblers
numbered from one to thirty-two in such a way that the numbers in
each wheel total 132... Could you open the safe?
This challenge is to make up YOUR OWN alphanumeric. Each letter
represents a digit and where the same letter appears more than once
it must represent the same digit each time.
Whenever two chameleons of different colours meet they change
colour to the third colour. Describe the shortest sequence of
meetings in which all the chameleons change to green if you start
with 12. . . .
115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?
Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down
all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur
most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .
When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the
answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is
represented by an "x" .
Which numbers can we write as a sum of square numbers?
This task depends on learners sharing reasoning, listening to
opinions, reflecting and pulling ideas together.
Can you make a hypothesis to explain these ancient numbers?
This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.
Work out how to light up the single light. What's the rule?
Take three whole numbers. The differences between them give you
three new numbers. Find the differences between the new numbers and
keep repeating this. What happens?
How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?
Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you make two lights switch on at once? Three lights? All four lights?
Charlie has made a Magic V. Can you use his example to make some more? And how about Magic Ls, Ns and Ws?
The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = nĀ² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.
Place the numbers 1, 2, 3,..., 9 one on each square of a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows and columns add up to a prime number. How many different solutions can you find?
Find the five distinct digits N, R, I, C and H in the following