56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?
Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?
Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?