There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?
What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?
After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?