Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Where will the point stop after it has turned through 30 000 degrees? I took out my calculator and typed 30 000 ÷ 360. How did this help?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Using some or all of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and using the digits 3, 3, 8 and 8 each once and only once make an expression equal to 24.

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?