Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?