Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?
Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.
On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?
Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
EWWNP means Exploring Wild and Wonderful Number Patterns Created by Yourself! Investigate what happens if we create number patterns using some simple rules.
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?
Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?