Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?